The Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain

TheTrevi Fountain

CourseInstructor

Arthas been one of the ancient fields that existed even before theinvention of the information age. The importance and significance ofthis field will continue to live as long of humanity continue. A lotof historical events can be traced back to the efforts of artworks.This is why artist had to use some exemplary skill in their works tobring out the theme of their work clearly and also maintain thesignificance over time. A time, when paintings were made for fun andleisure, is passed. The skills and technique used by the artistmatters in the determination of the quality of work, and bringing outthe meaning.

ThePrinciple of Emphasis

Theprinciple of emphasis in art is one of the skills that can be of helpin improving the quality of work. This principle is observed in anywork of art when an artist gives a certain aspect of the art moredominance over the others.it is that part of the artwork which standout from the viewer point of view. This is the part that is likely todraw the viewers` attention at the first glance. To achieve theapplication of this principle, an artist can use contrast. Bycreating a contrasting element in the work of art, the point islikely to create a focal point, meaning that a place where theattention of the viewer cannot be helped but attracted to them. Thisis the reason most worthy artwork make use of this principle becausefailure to use them makes the art boring to the eyes in addition tothe monotony. In summary, the principle is used to attract theattention of the viewer to the main focus of the artwork (Castex,2008).

TheTrevi Fountain

TheTrevi fountain is found in the Trevi district in Rome, Italy. Thefountain was designed by the popular architects Nicola Salvi but wascompleted by Pietro Bracci. The fountain draws its waterapproximately twenty-two kilometers away and is believed to havesupplied Rome with water for over four hundred years. The source ofthe water was identified through the help of a virgin who showed theRoman technicians the source. Pope Urban VII first made the attemptto construct the fountain but later died before completing theinitiative. However, the work of constructing the fountain was doneand completed through the efforts of Pope Clement XII and wascommissioned in 1762.

Whenyou look at the picture with the art of the Trivia fountain, whatdraws attention to your eyes? Emphasis has been used clearly by theartist behind the work in the trivia fountain. What I noticed atfirst glance is the middle statue of Ocean. Standing about six metershigh and as a result of Pietro skills, the body of the man ismuscular and inclining of fatness. Ocean has long, and abundantbeards are making that a focal point. The look at his face is worththe attention because it is fiercely majestic bad at the same timehas a gentleman appeal. To warrant your attention is the fact thatthe body of Ocean is not covered, but skillfully, his left-hand holdsa cloth that artistically hide the nudity. On his right hand, heholds a wand that is a sign of command and authority. A viewer wouldlike to understand why use a warrior like individual on artwork whois half naked and a fierce face.

Anotherpoint that the artist uses to create emphasis is perhaps on thestatue of abundance displayed holding the horn of plenty, displayingthe allegorical statues and the bas-reliefs. A closer look alsoreveals that there is a toppled vase at her feet lying by the sourceof water. Above her, a commander is shown giving instructions to hisgenerals to probably built the acqueduct. He is also designed todisplay him giving his plans to Augustus about the plannedconstruction of the fountain. That by extension is also a sign ofrelieving to her. The statue of health, on the right, is displayedcrowned by a wreth of laurel. It is also holding a cup where snakesdrink from. Above she is the display of a virgin lady and isindicating to the soldier the source of the fountain. This is ladyTrivia, apparently the one who showed the Roman soldiers the sourceof the fountain when they were in need of water. Using a lady coulddraw attention because people would want to understand what sheaccomplished to warrant being in such an art. At the very top, thereis a crown that is the recognition symbol and coat of arm of the Popebehind the fountain construction, Clement XII. The four allegoricalstatues on the top are a symbol of the four seasons in a year. Thesestatues were as a result of the effort by Filippo Della Valle(Garwood&amp Blasi, 2010).

Theother point of emphasis includes the two horses pulling a chariot onthe central part of the figure above. It is believed to represent theNeptune god of the sea. The two horses pulling the chariot are verydifferent. One of the horses looks to be very calm and obedient. Onthe other hand, the second horses are remorse and restive and ridingon that particular horse is annoying, tiresome and dangerous becauseit requires extended skill and efforts. The use of these two horsesby the artist is used to represent the fluctuating mood of the seaspecifically the low and high tides. Horses were mostly associatedwith wars and kingship. It was a symbol of authority and power and aviewer of the art would be attracted to the point in order tounderstand what they are representing although the point is not amongthe largest, it is suggestive to the eyes and could representimportant information to the viewer (TreviFountain,2009).

Conclusion

Althoughcontrast is not used on the artwork to a large extent, the principleof emphasis is clearly at work. The artist used almost the same colorfor the whole art and, in this case, no single shooting color canattract the eyes at first glance. However, advanced skill andtechnique in the way the artist bring out the various statues in theTrivia fountain attract the eyes of the viewer. Commanding images ofthese statues almost make the whole artwork a point of focus. But thestatue of Ocean and the allegorical statues stand out. The statue ofhealth is also clearly emphasized. Trivia, the virgin, Agrippa thecommander and the pope`s coat of arm are some of the point in the artthat cannot go unnoticed. The use of emphasis in the Trivia fountainartwork is great and enhances understanding of the main themes ofthis artwork.

References

Castex,J. (2008). Architectureof Italy.Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.

Garwood,D., &amp Blasi, A. (2010). Romecity guide.Footscray, Australia: Lonely Planet.

TreviFountain.(2009). Mosman: IMinds.


The Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain

7

THE TREVI FOUNTAIN

TheTrevi Fountain

TheTrevi Fountain

Backgroundinformation

TheTrevi Fountain is a fountain located in the Italian city of Rome,Trevi district. The work of architecture was designed by NicolaSalvi, one of the greatest Italian architects in the 18thcentury. However, it was completed by Peitro Bracci. At about 86 feethigh and about 50 metres wide, it is the largest fountain in the cityof Rome. Additionally, it has remained one of the greatest and mostfamous fountains in the world. In addition to the fascinatingfeatures of the fountains, the location and architectural design ofthe surrounding building and streets makes one of the greatesttourist attractions in the city of Rome (Pinto, 1986). Due to itshistorical significance and monumental importance, some scholars havereferred to it as “the late Baroque classicism”. It represents aremarkable and breathtaking fusion of water systems, sculpture andarchitecture to produce a masterpiece structure (Massetti, 2015).

Pictures

Artelements

Thereseveral art elements that can be observed in the Trevi Fountainphotography. They include lines, shape, space, light and color. Linecan mean several things in photography. In the Trevi Fountain, linesplay a critical role in the way the individual perceive orinterpreted the photography. The repeating lines that fade awayenable the viewer to see the back of the picture. Leading lines arealso essential in moving the eyes of the viewer throughout thepicture. Therefore, the principle role of lines in the Trevi Fountainis leading the eyes of the viewer to the subject of the photograph.Lines are also used to emphasise the texture of the objects in thepicture. For example, curved lines are used to express the texture ofthe rocks surface, human hair and sea horse skin. is in a three dimensional space. The objects in the picture aresculptures and architectural work, which are volumetric. The mainshape in the picture is the people or human sculpture and thecascading water. They are meant to emphasis the subject of thepicture. The three dimension shapes in the photograph makes it whatit is. There are no empty spaces and a viewer feels dwarfed by thestructures.

Lookingat the Trevi Fountain photograph, one does not see a drawing or apainting, but rather the objects themselves. The shapes are organicand the sculptures represent the characters of the people in thefigure. In the Trevi Fountain, the main statue is the Oceanus who isseen standing at the center of the fountain on a triumphal arch. Twosea horses, a hostile and a docile horse, are pulling his chariot outof the sea. The horses are being led by two tritons. The docile andhostile horses can be interpreted as the varying moods of the ocean.Sometimes, the ocean is calm and friendly, but it can also be rangingwith strong and deadly tides. On the both sides of Oceanus, there aretwo female status representing abundance and health. Abundance isstanding on the left of the arch holding a horn of plenty. Below herfeet, there is a toppled vase at the water source and above herethere is an Italian illustration of a command to guild an aqueduct.On the right side, there is a statute of health holding a containercontaining snake drinks and a bunch of grapes. The illustration inthe relief above her indicates the source of water to the soldiers(Pinto, 1986). While the figures of the Oceanus and tritons representstrength and grotesque, the two female figures create a sense ofbeauty. All the figures are located in the foreground of the picture,but the architectural structures are at the background.

Thetexture of the photography is essential in explaining the TreviFountain. The texture of the photography is rough, which plays animportant role in emphasizing the subject. For example, it creates animpression of the real objects such as rocks and water surface. Sincethe structures in the photography are three dimensional, the sourceof light is natural. The light interacts with the objects to create areal setting. Additionally, the shadows and fading lights highlightsthe depth of the three dimension structure. In many pictures, coloris the most basic art element. However, the Trevi Fountain does nothave the primary colors. The photograph is mainly black and whitewith shades of grey.

Artprinciples

Whileelement of art are more critical in a work of art, the principlesused by the artist are very essential. The main principles of artinclude balance, emphasis and rhythm. In the Trevi Fountain, balanceis represented by the symmetry and visual weight of the sculptures.The photography is symmetrical with the Oceanus at the middle of thephotography while other figures are symmetrically located on bothsides. Another important balance in the photography is the shadowsand light balance which emphasis the three dimension structures.Emphasis is also an important artistic principle in the photography.The picture draws the attention of the viewer to the human statutesand their symbolism, the cascading water and the architectural work.The main these of the Trevi Fountain are based on the three features,and thus they are emphasized. Repetition is also seen in the pictureespecially the architectural work, for example, the windows andpillars on the building or the relief above the female statutes.

Mediaand technique

TheTrevi Fountain is a three dimensional photography. The main mediaused in the picture is sculpture and architecture. The artist used acombination of architecture and nature in the Trevi Fountain resultsinto personification of the ocean. The structure, in a chariot,emerges from the ocean led by sea horses. Additionally, the rocks aredecorated such that they bring about the depiction of differentplants. The sculptures in the picture are high relief. Although youcan only view the objects from one side, the statues can be seen allround. The materials use in the photography is mainly rocks.Travertine stones the main materials used in construction in the 18thcentury. They are strong, durable and easy to curve into the requiredshape. It is also relatively easy to repair. Generally, the artistsdid not have a major challenge dealing with the materials. Bothadditive and subtractive processes may have been used in the creationof the objects. The human statues are slightly bigger that thelife-size. Another important feature that contributes the theme andaesthetic nature of the Trevi Fountain are the statues and reliefs.The sculptures are also symbolic and are meant to convey a particularmessage or concept (Taner, 2007). Usually, since it means featuresare sculptures and architectural structures, one would expect afountain to be designed in such as way that one can easily move roundthe structure. The architecture represents both the work of thecommunity and the leader. It represents the power of the leader, theOceanus as well as the community represented by the other status. Theposition of the Oceanus represents his authority. The structure isvery welcoming. The structure fits perfectly with the surrounding andserves the intended purpose of decoration as well as symbolism ofimportance of water.

References

Massetti,E. (2015). Romea Complete Guide,Enrico Massetti Publishing, ISBN 1312974087.

Pinto,J. A. (1986). TheTrevi Fountain.New Haven: Yale University Press.

TanerO. c. &amp Tiesdell, S. (2007). UrbanDesign: Ornament and Decoration,Routledge, ISBN 1136350411,