The Impact of Exposure to Many Different Languages on Speech and

The Impact of Exposure to Many Different Languages on Speech and


TheImpact of Exposure to Many Different Languages on Speech and LanguageDevelopment in Children – Research proposal

Earlychildhood (zero to three years) is a stage of human developmentcharacterized by immense growth in all areas of development, from themotor, physical and social aspects of human development (Eitel,2015). This is the stage of human development, in which a babymasters many skills such as talking, walking, using the spoon, usingthe toilets, playing with other children among others. Eitel arguesthat this stage of development is delicate since many factors play arole in shaping a baby. Apart from diet and nutrition, other factorssuch as social, environmental and economic factors significantlyinfluence the development of a child (Berger, 2008). Children aredelicate and highly vulnerable and can easily be affected by many ofthe factors that parents or guardians overlook. Therefore, theproposed research is crucial because it will discuss how exposure tomany different languages affects speech and language development inchildren. The study will also outline guidelines to ensure speech andlanguage development in children is not tampered with.

TheStudy Design

Thestudy will take the design of a real experiment. The proposed studyfocuses at investigating the impacts of exposure to many differentlanguages on a child`s speech and language development. The researchhypothesis is that exposure to many different languages negativelyaffects speech and language development in children. Therefore, anexperiment will be performed to validate or refute the researchhypothesis. The independent variable (IV) in the experiment will beexposure to many different languages and speech/language developmentwill be the dependent variable (DV). All other variables that affectspeech and language development in children will be controlled todetermine the cause-and-effect relationship between the two variablesof interest in this experiment. The experiment group will includechildren from families with two or more family members speakingdifferent languages. The control group will, therefore, be childrenfrom families in which all the members speak the same language.


Theresearcher will first conduct a survey through the use ofquestionnaires to select the kids to be included in the experimentgroup. The questionnaires will target families with a child agedbetween 8 months to one year. The questionnaires will also targetfamilies with one or more members speaking a different language. Fromthe questionnaires, a random sample will be selected for theexperiment group. Another survey will be conducted through the use ofinterviews to select a random sample for the kids to be included inthe control group. Therefore, the interviews will be carried out toselect children from families where members speak the same language.

Theprimary factor for qualifying families for inclusion in the study isthe existence of a child or children aged between 8 months and oneyear. As a way of appreciation, the parents or guardians of the kidsparticipating in the study will be issued with brochures on properparenting skills to bring up socially, physically and morally uprightchildren. The parents/guardians will also get free tickets to attendeducation forums on good parenting skills. The experiment will enablethe Collection of primary data. Secondary data will also be obtainedfrom reviewing past similar studies, documents, articles and books.


Theresearch will use a longitudinal timeframe. A longitudinal timeframeis observational in nature and hence no interferences with either theexperiment or control group. The participants will be underobservation for a period of two years will. The main advantage ofthis timeframe is that it will allow the researcher to detect anychanges in speech and language development among the two groups underexperiment, at several intervals during the research period.Longitudinal studies allow recording of changes among theparticipants repetitively and hence assist in establishing a seriesof events.

Forinstance in the proposed study, the longitudinal timeframe will allowto record changes in speech development in children at the onset ofthe study and at several intervals before they get to age three. Thetimeframe will also allow the researcher to evaluate the disparitiesin terms of speech development between the experiment and controlgroup at different times during the study. Therefore, thelongitudinal timeframe will be the best in determining thecause-and-effect relationship proposed between exposure to differentlanguages and language development in children.


Earlychildhood is a stage of human development marked with significantgrowth and development in many areas. Many factors affect speech andlanguage development in children and so a study to look at thesefactors is critical. The proposed research aims to establish acause-and-effect relationship between exposure to many differentlanguages and speech development in children. An experiment designwill be used in validating the research proposal that exposure tomany different languages negatively affects speech development inchildren. Random sampling from the questionnaires and interviews willselect families for the proposed study. Primary data will be recordedfrom the experiments while secondary data will be obtained frombooks, articles and past similar studies.


Berger,K. S. (2008). Thedeveloping person through the life span (7thed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

EitelJ. (2015). FactorsAffecting Early Childhood Development.Retrieved from:[Accessed on 17th Sept 2015]