The History of Psychology

The History of Psychology


TheHistory of Psychology


Discuss your views and commentary on the issues surrounding thehistoriography of psychology.

The writing ofhistory for psychology can be classified as traditional and newhistories. Traditional histories maintain the status quo ofpsychology as a science by pursuing a narrow intellectual stylehistory that celebrates the scientifsci accomplishment of psychologyand ignores certain ideological and political dimensions in theformation of psychology. traditional histories tended to be writtenby field practitioners who considered scientific history as acumulative linear progression from error to truth and try to narratehistory backward from the present focusing on great philosophers withtheir great beliefs. The traditional histories are based on thenotion of cumulative progress with an aim to differentiate sciencefrom pre-science and measure the discipline’s success by its growthby quantifiable advances. Traditional histories have generated originmyths that are selective elements of psychology’s past that arefalsely presented to validate and legitimate present ideas as anattempt to develop a false of continuity into the psychology’shistory. These myths are passed down from one generation of thetextbook to the next as they distort our understanding of the pastand finally our understanding of nowadays psychological theory andpractices. The new history of psychology, which begun in the early1970s, arose to debunk and critique some of the assumptions andbiases of the traditional histories. The new brand of history wasmore past minded, inclusive, archival, critical and contextual. Thenew history emphasized in political power and social context as wellas intellectual discovery in addition to the warring egos of thegreat philosophers.

What was the lastingimpact of Greek philosophy on the on-going development of the fieldof psychology through the centuries? What aspect of Greek psychologyinterested you the most and why.

One lasting impactof Greek philosophy is the interpretation of Harmonia theory. We areconscious human being with the ability to perceive, think andunderstand. We are also material being consisting of ordinarymaterial stuff. The connection between the psychological and thematerial is interesting. The theory of harmonic has tried to revealthis as a challenge about composite objects. What interest me themost is what the theory of harmonia amounts to. I believe that aharmonica is best understood as the structure of the body’smaterial parts. While Aristotle uses this theory in defining theSoul, Plato uses this theory in the Phaedo. Plato believes that soulcan exist without the body and therefore rejects the harmonia theory.However, Artistole believed that the soul is the form of a livingbody looks like the version of the harmonia theory.

On-going&nbspdevelopmentof the field of psychology through the centuries have tried toclarify the persistent misconception of the belief and the reasonsPlato and Aristotle reject it. most research has be done providinginsights into Plato`s and Aristotle`s positive theories regardingsoul and its connection to matter. the Plato’s rejection of thistheory sheds light on how he assumes the connection between parts andwholes.

What were thelasting consequences of the Roman invasion of Greece for the on-goingdevelopment of the field of psychology through the centuries? Whatimpact or consequence of the invasion interested you the most and why

Various parts of theRoman realm were bonded into a massive psychological control. Thepsychical bond included the network of military garrisons, which werestationed in every province and the network of stone-built roads thatconnected the province with Rome. The psychological control wasdeveloped on fear and punishment-on the notion that anyone whothreatened Rome authority will be destroyed. The Romans wellrecognized in their ability to conquer nations and incorporate theirsocial customs and norms into the new nation. Greek is one of theempires that had a significant impact on Rome. Stoicism and otherphilosophers existing in Greece at the time of invasion. The Romansobserved the capabilities that the stoicism provided to the Greeks,and rather than casting ti aside, they modiefied, embraced andpresented it to the people. The Romans who believed in fate and willintegrate this belief to their newly developed stoicism. Everythingin Greece had philosophical attachment integrated into itsfoundation. There is a quality of cohesiveness about the Roman worldthat did not apply to Greece.

Whatconcerned me the most is how the Romans integrated the Greek’smoral philosophy and religion into their society. The philosophers inGreek were consciously used as models by the Romans. It believed thatan educated Roman could be fluent in Greek philosophy as well asscience. The new Roman philosophers were assimilated into Romans’community to serves as military personnel, engineers, and lawpractitioners.

Whatwere the consequences of the Barbarian invasion of Rome for theon-going development of the field of psychology through the Dark andMiddle Ages and into the present? Do you see this happening again forpsychology in the future?

Barbarian, adescriptive term meaning not Roman, represented people of thetemperate Europe. Romanization was a practice by which theBarbarians, especially from the regions with narrow local diversity,were assimilated to challenges of bordering the Roman cities and inthe process lead an invasion to the Roman society. The invasion ofthe Barbarian into the Roman Empire significantly impacted theGreco-Roman traditional philosophy with extinction, including allassumptions linked to the development of philosophy. The Barbariansinvaded the Roman empire as well as Romulus Augustulus, the lastRoman Empire in the west. Within 200 years, civilization in the Romehad collapsed and at the end of 400s obtaining education was notpossible due to the consistent invasions. The negative perceptionlinked to Barbrains as non-Roman become an act of cultural identityfor both the Romans and the rest of Europe enabling to intensify whatwere more or less arbitrary distinctions. Like the current world,Romans were conditioned with preconceptions and hardly considered thewelfare of others. These predispositions and the constrainedviewpoint they cultivate have maintained noteworthy ideas of othersall through humanity`s history, clouding our vision and twisting ourfeeling of reality. They have likewise made chances to fill in thecrevices by giving chronicled issues whose solutions are liable toteach us much about ourselves, the past, present and future.

What is therelationship between the Renaissance and the development ofHumanistic Psychology through the centuries? How have humanisticthemes expressed themselves regarding continuity and change over theintervening centuries?

Humanisticpsychology provides an empowering vision of that defines groups andpeople from the a confinement of a pathology directed psychologicalstrategies. The renaissance of culture notion linked to Humanisticpsychology through the human potential movement spans from thepersonal to the organization. The language of psychology is pervasivein therapy culture. Concepts of psychology as health and relationinform institutional practices as well as people of productivity,satisfaction and health. as it did in the classical period, theHumanistic psychology justifies the application of experimentsrelated to it. For instance, yoga practice often perceived asself-actualization, holism, and growth.

Theoriesof Humanistic psychology have also been used to inform human resourcemanagement in an organization. Most workers of major organizationshave encountered the approaches of Humanistic psychology in one foror another. These approaches varying from employee retreats tpseminar of critical training, originate from the theories ofHumanistic Psychology

.The Renaissance interprets this approach as an evidence of thehumanization of business that originate from Humanistic psychology.

Discuss Bacon’sidols as they relate to psychological well-being and functioning(cave, tribe, marketplace, theater)

Bacon believes thatindividual must clear their minds of errors related to idols in whichhuman cognition is valuable. According to Bacon, the idols of thetribe are fallacies that were natural to all human. The error ofmarketplace erupts due to commerce and interaction of human beings.The idol of the cave is peculiar to certain people because of thelight distortion as refracted within their private caves. Finally,the idol of theater is service from the past dogmas and philosophers.Bacon connects idols of theater to philosophers bases his assumptionsis that all philosophy models are in many ways linked to worlds oftheir development in a scenic fashion.

Discuss theimplications of Bacon and later Comte’s views on Positivism,Empiricism, and Scientism, especially in light of the information atthe Cold Springs Harbor site ( on the historyof the eugenics movement.

Bacon’s idols ofthe theatre are most probable to encounter three kinds of philosophy:empirical philosophy sophistical philosophy and superstitiousphilosophy. The Empirical philosophy argues that the whole system isbased on a single explanation. The Sophistical philosophy bases thephilosophical concepts on a few casually observed instance. Bacondiscourages the integration of science with spiritual world views bycondemning superstitious philosophy. he places science at odds withreligion by criticizing Plato and extending the antagonism betweenthe world view of Plato and that of Aristotle. Bacon clear highlightsthat mixing science with religion is an attempt to infect learningwith superstition disease and thus, a threat to progression ofhumanity. Comte believes that in history of science, each stagemanifests in three significant phases. The theological phase is whenindividual use the supernatural explanation of events. Themetaphysical phase is when people relay on abstract notions toexplain events for instance the eugenic movement being linked toNazis the Cold Springs Harbor site. The positive phase, when truescause of natural events is scientifically explained. Scientificcharts, articles, and various reports have been used to describeEugenics. Comte believed that these phases were irreversible andinevitable. A complete and restructured social order could exist ifthe scientific explanation of events were applied in all dimensionsof life. Comte expressed little interest in seeking ways of combiningthe spiritual and scientific view of reality into one conclusivetheory.


Hergenhahn, B. R. (2009). An introduction to the history ofpsychology, 6th edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth