The Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights

The bill of rights is crucial in safeguarding the dignity of thecitizen sand shields them atrocities directed at them. Te uniformityof the provisions creates equality since they apply to all teecitizens without any reservations. It is of utmost importance forcitizens to understand that the constitution is not a tool for thegovernment to exercise unlimited control over them, but it is aninstrument for restraining the government from establishingunnecessary checks to curtail their interests. The bill of rightsfound in the American Constitution was out of the work of JamesMadison who borrowed ideas from the Virginia declaration of rightsand the English bill of rights. This paper is a continuation of thebill if rights and assessing its applicability in the changing legalenvironment.

The bill provides for a hastened due process in the criminalproceedings for all the citizens. Any citizen arraigned in court hasthe privilege of having a public trial. There should be an impartialjury to prevent any biased proceeding. The sixth amendment alsorequires offenders to face trial in the district in which thecommitted a crime (Freedom Project Media). The accused has a right topresent witnesses in her/his favor and confront those on favor of thecomplaint through counsel representation.

The seventh item in the bill requires the involvement of a jury incontroversy issues amounting to more than 20 dollars. It also upholdsthe ruling of the jury by preventing any court from revisiting adecision made by a jury apart from the rules of the common law. Afterappearing before a jury and having a case is settled, one cannot besubject to double jeopardy. In the 8th amendment, the bill of rightsprotects the accused from getting excessive bails, fines, and unusualpunishments. It protects them from unfair treatments and inflictionof extreme punishment. It ensures that the punishments given tooffenders are equivalent to the crimes they commit (Freedom ProjectMedia).

Some basic rights imperative, yet, they are not included in theconstitution. For example, right to breathe or walk. The 9thamendment indicates that the constitution shall not deny citizensthese rights. Some powers are not given to the state by theconstitution. The 10th amendment provides for these gaps and takes itas the responsibility of the state to establish rules that are notunder the jurisdiction of the national government (Freedom ProjectMedia).

The civil liberties enjoyed by the citizens sometimes conflict withthe current issues, for example, terrorism, which threaten people`slife and dignity.The rights enjoyed by the citizens like right toa speedy trial outlined in the sixth amendment does not apply incases where terrorism culprits are held for a long period forinterrogation purposes (Higgs and Anthony). Although this is againstthe constitution, it has a strong argument on the implication of theinformation deduced from the culprits and its importance inprotecting the lives of hundreds of citizens. Also, a country canlose its legitimacy if it cannot protect its citizens.

A major issue raising controversy is balancing between guarding theinterest of the citizens and inclining to the bill of rights. Thegovernment trough its agents aims at securing the liberty of thecommunity through its security measures, therefore, some limitationon people’s rights may be necessary (Higgs and Anthony). Creating abalance restricts the government from sacrificing liberty for thecitizen’s security.

Conclusively, the bill rights provided for by the various amendmentsprotects the interests of the citizens. Some of the emerging issue inthe security arena poses a challenge in some of the applicationssince some limitations become necessary for the good of the liberalcommunity. Creating a balance between the two is crucial so that therelevant agencies do not sacrifice the citizen’s rights forsecurity measures.

WorksCited FreedomProject Media. “Bill of Rights Pt. 2 (Principles of theConstitution Series).” Online Video Clip. YouTube. 31 January,2011. Web. 28 Sept. 2015.Higgs,Robert and Gregory, Anthony. “CivilLiberties and Security in the Age of Terrorism.”Online video clip.YouTube. 17 August 2013. Web.28 Sept. 2015.