Textile Velvet

Textile Velvet

TEXTILE 5

Textile

Velvet

Definition:Velvet is a fabric made from silk piles, which is made by weavingdouble cloths, filing thread, and wrap threads.

History

Velvetwas first used in Egypt by 2000 BC (Hooper, 2012). Archeologicalevidence suggests that Egypt was the first source of linen, velvet,silk, and other fabrics. A list of inventory dating back in 809 ADreveals that velvet was one of the treasures owned by Caliph Harounal-Rashid, a pharaoh of Egypt. Later, in the tenth century, commercial production spread to other parts of the Middle East andEastern Europe. The best weavers of velvet came from Cyprus, Greece,and Turkey. Moorish Spain later became the main source of velvet insince 948.

Fibercontent

Sinceits inception as a commercial fabric, velvet comprised of cotton,silk pile, or linen. Today, fibers such as rayon acetate and othersynthetic silky fabrics are used to make velvet.

Yarnscharacteristics

Theyarn differs from the type of material used to make the velvet.Cotton yarns are stronger and softer while velvet made from silk hasa drape surface.

Usage

Sinceits admission as a high-end fabric, velvet has been used to makedresses and upholstery fabric. Homeowners use the fabric to decoratefurniture as a symbol of class and luxury.

Curtainmaking: in high-end markets embossed velvet or plan velvet are usedas the core materials to make curtains. The fabric is popularly knownfor its ability to completely block sunrays.

Careinstructions

Velvetrequires a hard brush to clean. Brushing should be gentle and in thedirection of the piles. To detect the direction of the piles, oneneeds to stroke the velvet and they will feel it. Gentle brushing isenough to. In some cases where the velvet has a lot of dust on it,vacuum cleaning is plausible as long as it is done in the directionof the piles like in general cleaning.

Cotton

Definition:Cotton is the white fibrous material that encloses the seeds of itsplant used to knit or weave fabrics.

History

Theorigin of cotton is traced from the period of domestication of thecrop. The word cotton refers to the four species of gyssopium thatwere domesticated for the same purpose though independently in fourisolated regions of the New World and the Old World (Cothren &ampSmith, 1999). Aboriginal groups in both regions discovered that thecoarse hairs covering the seeds of the cotton plant were useful.Their unique mechanical features made them an ideal textile.

Fibercontent

Cottonfiber comprises of concentric layers. The cuticle comprises of waxand pectin, which is separable from the fiber

Weaveand knit: the key characteristic: Cotton fabrics can be in woven orknit form. Woven cotton is one that is produced on big looms onwhich different yarns are woven together through interlacing thethreads vertically and horizontally. Knit cotton is a product ofknitting machines that knit it based on plain and pearl rows.

Yarnscharacteristics:

Cottonyarns are inelastic and it poses challenges to knitters who want tomake tight stitches. The yarns also have a boon shape because theycannot stretch any further. Lastly, the yarns not smooth hence, thecotton garments are not itchy.

Usage

Cottonis a vital component of other fabrics such as velvet. A greaterpercentage of cloths are made from cotton than other fabrics becauseit cuts across the market ends. Other products made from cotton are:fish nets, book binders, and archival papers.

Careinstructions

Cottonfabric can still last in high temperature areas and even cleaningusing high temperature procedures such as ironing.

Washusing any detergent as long as the water is clean. If bleaching isnecessary, chlorine bleaching can work for white cotton while colorsafe bleach is appropriate for dyed cotton.

Ironingand drying needs higher temperatures because cotton is considerablyhighly absorbent.

References

Cothren,J. T., &amp Smith, C. W. (1999). Cotton:Origin, history, technology, and production.New York, NY [u.a.: Wiley.

Hooper,M. (2012). Velvet.New York: Bloomsbury.