Teaching Plan for Immunizations

Teaching Plan for Immunizations

TeachingPlan for Immunizations


TeachingPlan for Immunizations

Immunizationprograms are significant since they enable healthy individuals tostay healthy, have an expansive reach and have a rapid impact on thelives of patients. For instance, in the period 200 to 2008,immunization programs cut global deaths by measles by 78% (WHO, 2015,n.p). For this reasons, this paper develops a structured teachingplan for immunizations at Queensland Child Immunization Clinic(QCIC).

1.0Objectives of the Teaching Plan

Bythe end of the teaching sessions, students should understand:

  1. The significance of immunizations

  2. How vaccines work

  3. The consequences of avoiding vaccines

  4. The functioning of some common vaccines

  5. Terms such as immunization, bacteria, vaccine, antibody and virus


Conductingthe sessions will require materials such as internet connection, WHOreports, poster board, white boards and marker pens. Moreover, aphysician will take the students through the demonstration sectionsusing simulators where need be since demonstration is a critical partof learning especially when introducing new ideas (Fisher &amp Frey,2013, n.p)


  1. Begin by assessing the students’ knowledge of vaccination programs. This procedure involves asking fundamental questions such as “what is a vaccine?” Ask if the students have received any vaccines and if they can recall them. The teacher should ask students if vaccines are important and why. The responses should be noted down on the white board.

  2. Go through the fundamentals of vaccines. Explain the significance of vaccines explaining how they work. This procedure should cover the following concepts.

  • Elucidate role of immune system in protecting body against diseases

  • Explain how vaccines work with the immune system in protecting the body against diseases such as polio. The role of vaccines in creating antibodies should come out very clearly.

  • Provide the mechanisms through which vaccines are created from antibodies

  • Provide instances in which immunity does not last a lifetime and requires booster shots to be administered to individuals

  • Provide explanations why children require a lot of vaccinations to the age of 10 years.

  1. Introduce students to some common vaccines such as those for Hepatitis B, Polio, Measles, rubella, mumps, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and chicken pox.

  2. Pick one immunizable disease and use the information already provided to form a basis for providing further details to ground the students with the subject. For instance, using polio, let the students know that this was at some point the most dreaded disease in the world. Explain how contagious is and how it killed several people. Finally, provide world health organization statistics showing how immunization programs wiped out polio. This serves to reinforce what has been learned in the previous sessions.

  3. Assessment and Evaluation: Provide the students with a few questions on immunization and ask them to solve in groups. Evaluation is significant in a teaching plan since it serves to assess if the objectives of the program have been achieved.

4.0Immunization Schedule




At birth

Hepatitis B vaccine (HBV)

1-2 Months

Second dose of Hepatitis B Vaccine (HBV)

2-4 Months

Rotavirus vaccine (Rota), pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV), inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertuissis vaccine (DTaP).

6 Months

Rota, third dose

6 months and annually

Influenza vaccine: Recommended annually

6-18 months

Hepatitis B Vaccine (HBV), inactivated polio vaccine (IPV)

12-16 months

Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) and Varicella (Chicken Pox).

12-24 Months

Hepatitis A Vaccine: To be administered in 2 shots in the stated duration

3 to 6 years

diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertuissis vaccine (DTaP), Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and Varicella (Chicken Pox).

10 to 14 years

Human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV), Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster (Tdap) and Meningococcal Vaccine (MCV4)

14 to 18 years

Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster (Tdap), Human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV), and Meningococcal Vaccine (MCV4) and a booster at 16 years

19 to 25 years

Pneumococcal (PPSV, PCV13), Hepatitis A, Hepatitis A, Human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV), Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster (Tdap) and Meningococcal Vaccine (MCV4)

**Information obtained from CDC (2015), UDH (2015) and WHO (2015).

5.0Overview of Teaching Plan

` Theplan developed above adopts an integrative approach to the learningof immunization. The plan is structured in such a manner that groundsthe students (who include QCIC). In the plan, the teacher has a roleas much as the student and this is in line with the fact thatparticipatory learning usually yield the best learning outcomes asfar as problem-based learning is concerned (Hedges&amp Cullen, 2012, 921-940).This plan is flexible to allow for flexibility owing to the dynamismin the discipline but is also robust by specifying the specificconcepts to be tackled in at each step. For instance, underprocedures, the second step has to address a 5-point concept asspecified in the plan. This ensures that all key concepts are coveredduring the learning sessions. Finally, the immunization scheduleprovided integrates schedules from reputable health organizations andis comprehensive.


CDC.,(2015). Recommended Immunization Schedules, Retrieved on September25, 2015from&lthttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/who/teens/downloads/parent-version-schedule-7-18yrs.pdf&gt

Fisher,D., &amp Frey, N. (2013). Betterlearning through structured teaching: A framework for the gradualrelease of responsibility.ASCD.

Hedges,H., &amp Cullen, J. (2012). Participatory learning theories: aframework for early childhood pedagogy. EarlyChild Development and Care,182(7),921-940.

UDH.,Adult Immunization Schedule. Retrieved on September 25, 2015from&lthttp://www.immunize-utah.org/pdf/Adult_Vaccine_Schedule_Eng.pdf&gt

WHO,.(2015). Importanceof Immunization Programs,Retrieved on September 25, 2015from&lthttp://vaccine-safety-training.org/Importance-of-immunization-programmes.html&gt