Substance-Related Disorders

Substance-Related Disorders

Substance-RelatedDisorders

Substance-RelatedDisorders

Substanceuse is a condition when someone consumes drugs or alcohol regularly(Nevid,Rathus, &amp Greene, 2010). Thesubstance use does not always lead to the addiction. Remember Elon?The first time that he tasted alcohol, he was using. However,substance use can sometimes come with risks such as addiction.Substance abuse on the other hand, is when someone consumes alcoholor drugs in a regular basis. The issues that might be caused bysubstance abuse may be related to the job, personal life, educationand among others. Despite Elon failing exams because of the substanceabuse, he didn’t take this as a warning. He kept drinking andfinally became broke and failed exams. The end result is being takento the rehabilitation center by his parents. Someone that is abusingdrugs will continue to use them even after warning or knowing theconsequences just like the case of Elon.

Substanceintoxication is a reversible condition that is brought about by theexcessive use of the drugs such as alcohol. However, intoxicationcannot be considered as abnormal without the maladaptive behavioralchanges. For instance, a person that comes home after the long weekat the work, drinks several margaritas and then falls asleep does nothave a mental disorder. Substance abuse has something do withfamilial, biological, and personal. In addition to these factors,other factors such as sociocultural, cognitive-behavioral alsoinfluence substance abuse. The sociocultural factors are those thatdeal with the impact of the culture and society on the addiction(Mack,&amp Frances, 2003).This can be peer pressure, “the life of party”. Maybe Elon wasencourage to drink because he enjoys the attention that he gets fromthe silly things that he does. The psychodynamic factors are thingslike emotional issues, psychological disorders, and past history(Mack,&amp Frances, 2003).For instance, the case states that back in high school Elon used touse drugs. This is a perfect example of psychodynamic factors.

Bingedrinking is the consumption of the excessive alcohol in a shortperiod of time. Despite having loving parents and adoring friends,Sam Spady died at the age of 19 due to alohol poisoning. At thesummer of 2004, Sam swallowed excessive shots of vanilla flavoredvodka that led to her death (Bortnick et al., 2006). I think thatSam’s death could have been prevented if she knew the dangers ofbinge drinking. People should be made aware on the effects of theexcessive drinking to avoid deaths such as that of Sam.

References

Bortnick,B., Johnson, P., Rainrock Films., &amp Sam Spady Foundation. (2006).Deathby alcohol: The Sam Spady story.Beatrice, NE: The Sam Spady Foundation.

Nevid,J. S., Rathus, S. A., &amp Greene, B. (2010). Abnormalpsychology.Pearson Education.

Mack,A. H., &amp Frances, R. J. (2003). Substance-related disorders.Focus,1(2),125-146.