Social and Political Philosophy

Social and Political Philosophy

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 5

Socialand Political Philosophy

Socialand Political Philosophy

Thehuman society has seen its fair share of conflicts and wars both inthe conventional and the contemporary times. Indeed, the history ofthe human society is intermittently connected to wars and conflictsof different magnitudes between various groups of people. Of course,there have been variations in scales and time frames for theseconflicts, as well as the level of interaction between the groupsthat are involved. However, efforts to comprehend the origins of warand the conditions necessary for the elimination of conflicts havenecessitated that one examines the basis of human nature. Of course,the central question is whether people are predisposed to conflictsand war or rather whether the human society exists in an interminablestate of war. Volumes of literary works have been written, withscholars aiming at examining the basis or truth in this assertion.While there may be varying opinions, Plato Laws create the impressionthat the human society is predisposed to conflicts in which case itexists in an interminable state of war

Tobegin with, a war in society emanate from self-being to family, topolitical systems and then to national and regional level. Plato saysthat two components make up the soul. One of the elements isstrong and powerful and act as master. The one is inferior and workas a slave. Hardly a person honors the soul in the right way cause wedo what we want. . What Plato suggests is that were at constant warwith our self (626d).Man fights against his feelings and can eitherconquer his or feelings or be conquered, he fights against fearbefore he can achieve perfect courage.(647d).There is significantdifference between what we want and what is right(726)

Secondlyabout war in the society plate suggest that call for peace isfictional and national state are fighting an undeclared war againsteach other(626c). These state organizations and administrations areestablished in a way to ensure war victor against other countries. Ican confirm Plato`s argument was that state activities are orientedtowards the probabslity of a war emerging and not peace oriented.Society custom like eating, gymnastics, athletic were all focused onthe war this can be supported by Cretan legislator. He establishedinstitutions in the public and private sector with an eye to war andgave his laws to be followed (625d). The society needs to be on topof its war to avoid losing its wealth to another state.Communitiescome together enact laws that are to be followed to ensure justice.Justice brings happiness to those who follow and injury to soul tothose who disobey. To ensure justice prevails masses are educated onhow to behave. The good education makes them better people. Beinggood they achieve success in other ways, and even conquer theirenemies in battle(641bc) also Plato states that a nation that knowsits purpose should at least undertake citizen military training withdisregard to weather conditions and games that initiated real battlecharacteristic should be availed.Will plague it (829b). This constantwar between individuals and families and within society need to bechecked to avoid civil wars and wars with foreigners. Thus why thegovernment emerges and law enacting organizations.

Anexamination of the persistent state of war between communities may beaccomplished through an exploration of the concept of the mostappropriate or best political order and especially the notion ofjustice (681d). In just states, every individual or classincorporates specific duties and obligations to the society that haveto be fulfilled for a harmonious existence to be achieved. Unjustindividuals either do not realize the functions and virtues that areappropriate to their situation in life or treat other people in amanner that is worse than he or she deserves. Apart from the failureto recognize one’s purpose, duties and obligations in the society,individuals are often driven by self-interests and interpret thingsin line with their perception of what would be the just thing to do.

Inconclusion, conflicts have always been a fundamental part of thesociety. While there may be varying opinions, the society isconstantly in an interminable state of war, which should not besurprising given that individuals and nations have a varyingperception of what is just irrespective of the situation at hand. Aswe have seen the legislator enact laws with are war oriented. Inaddition activities and game to correspond to preparing someone forreal battle. Thus preparing the nation for any war conflicts.Further, there are variations in the forms of governance, which meansthat the interests of different states and even individuals are oftenconflicting thereby creating fertile grounds for war. On the samenote, it is often the case that the ordered elements of a person suchas rationality, appetite and emotions are not utilized in an orderedmanner, with emotions and desire taking precedence in instances whererationality should be the main thing. Thus, a society that isconstantly at war.

References

Cooper,J.M (1997). Plato: Complete Works: New York: Hackett Publishing