Response on Discussion

Response on Discussion

RESPONSE ON DISCUSSION 2

Responseon Discussion

Responseon Discussion

Theauthor provides a perfect definition of the concept ofutilitarianism. At its most basic, it underlines a system whereindividuals weigh the costs and benefits pertaining to differentcourses of action and choose the one that maximizes the benefitswhile minimizing the costs for the greatest number of people. As theauthor states, this is the concept that is used more often than notin the national and international arena as far as making decisionspertaining to issues that require voting is concerned. However,whether or not utilitarianism is appropriate or advantageousprimarily depends on the issue at hand. It goes without saying thatthere are some issues that would require the use of other concepts soas to make a decision regarding the most appropriate course ofaction. For instance, in a case where a doctor has a patientsuffering from an ailment that does not affect the functionality ofhis organs, but has other patients who are in dire need of variedorgans. Utilitarianism could demand that the doctor lets the firstpatient die so that the lives of the other patients can be savedsince that is the greatest good for a larger number of people.However, there is no way for quantifying the value of the life thathas been lost in the course of saving the others. In this regard, asmuch as the greatest good would be maximized, the ethics of makingthat decision are questionable and not the best in any way. In thiscase, it is imperative that some decisions are simply made based onother concepts such as duty ethics or their apparent or inherent goodrather than the weight of the costs and benefits.