Reentry Programs and Services for Offenders

Reentry Programs and Services for Offenders

ReentryPrograms and Services for Offenders

CourseInstructor

Themain reason for detaining offenders in jails is to correct and makethem useful members of the society. Statistics has shown thatmajority of ex-offenders are likely to be rearrested in their lifedue to committing a crime. That raises questions about the qualityand effectiveness of our correctional facilities given the rate atwhich offenders are rearrested. It is a sign that offenders do dotlearn and appreciate the importance of serving a prison term eitherparty or to completion. What it means is that the facilities makethese people worse than they were when they left in the first place.Programs in the correctional facilities for offender needed aparadigm shift and thanks to the second chance act of 2007 which wassigned by President Bush into law. It was an amendment to the OmnibusCrime Control and Street ACT of 1968. The aim was to reauthorizeprovision of adult and juvenile offender reentry programs. The Actamong other things aimed at providing a federal grant to governmentand not for profit organization to carry out reentry programs of theoffender and facilitate their integration back into the community. Itwas aimed at sealing loophole in the 1968 Act that was poor in termsof planning and implementation of reentry programs for offenders.

Analysisof the Situation

TheSecond Chance Act of 2007 preferred use of non-profit organizationand faith-based organization in the implementation of the reentryprograms. A faith-based organization can literary be understood to bean organization whose ties are primarily based on religious beliefs.However, the law recognizes organizations that have traditionally hadcollective principles and acceptable way of doing things to be afaith-based organization. Nevertheless, the attorney general has toratify an organization as faith-based before it is listed to offerreentry program and benefit from the grant. The preference offaith-based organization by the government is helpful in some ways.To increase efficiency and effectiveness of the program, faith-basedorganization has to be preferred. Management of an organization thatis carrying out reentry programs for offenders needs to bedecentralized. The government process of decision making is long andbureaucratic, and this reduces the effeteness (Duwe &amp Johnson2013).

Faith-basedorganization are advantaged on this aspect because there is a limitedlevel of management and hierarchy of authority. Each organization actindependent of the other and, therefore, decision making would befast, and so is its implementation. Funding reentry programs is anexpensive endeavor for the federal government. Some of the goals andobjectives of faith-based organization overlap with those ofprescribed in the Second chance act. Consequently, funding forreentry program for adult and juvenile offenders is partly made bythe federal fund and the faith-based organization. It is cheaper touse these organizations than it could if the government undertook theprogram. Other merits include facilitation of morals to the offender,accountability of fund and specialization. Faith-based organizationsare in a position to reap more benefit than the use of governmentagencies (Johnson, 2008).

Afaith-based organization, just like another business organization hasgoals and objective they intend to accomplish. Depending on the typeof faith-based organization, many of them have the following goals.The first objective of any faith-based organization is to instillmorals and observance of the law to people. Faith organizationrecognizes the need for order and acknowledges that lawlessness is asin. They aim to build a network that is sustainable and sharinginformation in the community. The network is aimed at promotingharmony and unity, hence, increasing trust and dependability. Some ofthe crimes committed are as a result of neglecting members of thesociety. These organizations aim at promoting welfare in thecommunity by ensuring that individuals live a decent life. They alsoaim at ensuring offenders transition into normal life after a spellin the detention period. The organization objective is to work withleaders and other organizations in the community including health andsecurity organization to ensure services reach citizens convenientlyand fast. Facilitate offenders to be productive members of thesociety by the provision of technical and life skills necessary forself-sustenance (Frazier, 2010).

Thegoals of a faith-based organization make them a good choice to workwith offenders. This is because more or so, they aim at empoweringindividuals to become productive people who can fend for themselves.This is achieved through technical training to get basic skills thatcan help the offender to start their business and other investmentventure. Reducing idleness for these offenders plays an importantrole in reducing crime and observing the rule of law. Theseorganizations reduce the probability that an offender will berearrested because they instill morals in them and cannot be easilybe tempted to engage in criminal activities. The efficiency of theseorganizations is to be commented since offender realizes theirbenefit fast. However, these organizations only give directions tooffenders and the offenders are at liberty to do what they want.There is no strict guideline in place to force offenders to followthe program. These goals do not directly provide start-up capital tofacilitate offenders start their business.

Achievingthe objective of an organization is directly a sign of the success ofthat organization. Stated above are the goals and objectives thatfaith-based organization set. For offenders, they aim at specifictarget including reducing the probability of recidivism. Havingrecognized these people as members of the society and furtheracknowledging that the religious believes gives a second chance tooffenders, these organization works hard to avoid rearrests. Many ofthis organization specialize in a specific aspect of the offender.Some target drug and substance abuse while others mentally relatedillness. Prisons may be a source of unfathomable harm, and failure tooffer counsel to offenders may be hazardous. And who is to offer thecounsel better that faith-based organization. They are the custodiansof morals in the society (Bielefeld &amp Cleveland, 2013).

Theyoffer their service for free and to those who are only willing.Voluntary services to the offenders increase effectiveness becausethey motivate participation. Moral development and observation of thelaw is always stressed almost in everything that is offered in theorganization`s program. With time, some of these offenders recognizetheir former criminal activities and know they were wrong. In theplace, they recognize the importance of observing the law andworking. The faith-based organization provides more that reentryprogram and ensures the complete transformation of these offenders.Offenders are taught to participate in community activities and livein harmony. Some criminal activities are conducted following poordevelopment since childhood or poor parenting. Faith-basedorganization comes in to fill the vacuum of what the offenders missedin life. The sanity of life is advocated by faith. Empowering isperhaps the most effective program that these organizations does.Funding for one`s needs leads to satisfaction. After a long spellbehind bars, offenders come back empty handed with no place to live,or work to provide an income. The first thing the offender seeks isto engage in crime and robbery to cater for their needs. But theseorganizations take them in provide a place to live and offer themtechnical training that can help them access employment opportunity. Rehabilitation from drug abuse and treatment of mental illness helpin the effective reentry of offenders (Bryant &amp Ladd, 2015).

Faith-basedorganizations have many programs it carry out to facilitate offendersreentry. One of the programs that have been done in past and presentis instilling faith and religiosity to these offenders. In fact, 100percent of all correctional facilities in the United States arereported to engage its offender is some religious activities. Theorganization`s aims are to enable offenders adopt the religiousnorms, culture and believes and in effect reduce the chances ofrepeating the crime. Otherwise, a large proportion of offender who isreleased from prisoners each year is reported to be rearrested. Theyalso learn to relate well with others in harmony to the benefit ofthe public in general. The organization also is encouraged to trustthe offenders and support them in getting back to where they oncebelonged.

Rehabilitationof drug and substance abuse addiction is the other program theorganizations is running for reentry purposes. Prisons introduceoffender to substance abuse or increase its consumption, hence,dependency. Effects of drugs on the health, social and economicsituation of the individual is known. Excessive reliance on drugscould lead to criminal activities. Drugs are expensive, and lack ofincome for these offenders means crime is their heaven. To avoid theoccurrence of such circumstances, faith-based organizations haveprograms that help rehabilitate drug, addicts. The public, therefore,feels or safe due to the reduced risk and probability of occurrenceof a criminal activity in the neighborhood. The faith-basedorganization should continue to be funded by the government followingtheir commendable job in the reentry of offenders back into thesociety (Lane, 2009).

Conclusion

Offendersfrom prisons suffer from a range of limitation that could limit theiradaptation to life after the jail term. In recognition of thesefacts, Congress enacted the Second Chance Act in 2007, which wassubsequently signed into law by president bush. The act recognizesthe role of reentry by the various organizations in the community.However, not for profit organizations and faith-based organizationswere preferred in the implementation of these programs although itwas not limited to them only. The organizations has many advantagesover government run programs that include increased management andfaster decision making. The benefit of reentry includes reduction ofrecidivism for the offender. Reentry also ensures that offenders tobe responsible citizens who follow the rule of law and respect forother cities in the society. The programs help in rehabilitation drugaddicts, healing of mental and other psychological effects thataccrue due to incarceration. The programs also aim at helpingoffenders economically by empowering them with technical skills thatenable them equal opportunities in employment. Faith-basedorganizations have done and continue to run these programs tofacilitate reentry of offenders into the community.

References

Bielefeld,W., &amp Cleveland, W. S. (2013). Faith-based organizations asservice providers and their relationship to government. Nonprofitand Voluntary Sector Quarterly,42(3),468-494.

Bryant,D., &amp Ladd, K. L. (2015). Lockdown Legacy: A QualitativeInvestigation of Incarceration, Re-Integration, and FaithCommunities. Journalof prevention &amp intervention in the community,43(3),211-222.

Duwe,G., &amp Johnson, B. R. (2013). Estimating the benefits of afaith-based correctional program. InternationalJournal of Criminology and Sociology,2,227-239.

Frazier,B. D. (2010). Faith-Based Prisoner Reentry. RethinkingCorrections: Rehabilitation, Reentry, and Reintegration,279.

Johnson,B. (2008). Not by government nor faith alone: rethinking prisonerreentry. Innovationsin Effective Compassion,17.

Lane,J. (2009). Faith-based programming for offenders. Victimsand Offenders,4(4),327-333.