Reality Therapy

Reality Therapy





Realitytherapy is a friendly approach to assist people solve problems andmakes better choices to achieve their goals. Reality therapy solvesproblems by rebuilding connections and supporting people to worktowards a better future. In contrast to the assumption that thetreatment aims at giving people “a dose of the reality”. In fact,therapists, work with patients by establishing a trusted and warmrelationship. The relationship enables the patients to evaluatetheir choices and make better decisions. Dr. William Glasserdeveloped it in the year 1950. The efficiency of the therapy is onthe choice theory (Corey, 2012).

Realitytherapy is the fact that all human needs are internal, and people acton the world intentionally to meet their needs and wants. In choicetheory, there are five fundamental human needs. The first is thepower that is the need to achieve and feel worthwhile as well aswinning. Second is love and belonging that is the need to associatewith groups. Humanity has the need to relate with families and otherloved ones. Third includes freedom. Humanity requires independence interms of having their personal space. Fourth is humanity’s need tohave pleasure and enjoyment to their satisfaction. Finally, humansrequire achieving their desires for survival. The survival tacticsinclude the need for nourishment, shelter and sex satisfaction. Inreality, humans are constantly behaving to meet these wants whetherconsciously or unconsciously (Myers, 2004).

Thetheory provides that the reason that there are times in life when thereality seems to be less than accurate because humans fail to behaveefficiently. For example, to meet the need for belonging, humans needto socialize with people. However, the reality may seem differentwhen humans alienate themselves. For example, whenever someone is introuble, sitting in a corner and expecting to get help is not aneffective way to meet his or her needs. Although the strategy may endup successful, it may be associated with high prices (Myers, 2004).

Thesource of all human problems is due to non-existent or unsatisfactoryconnections with the people we need in our lives. According to thereality therapy theory, there are various ways of improving personalperception and reaction. First is to put the focus on the present andavoid focusing on the past. The reason to concentrate on the presentis to enable the person to gain solutions on current relationships(Corey, 2012).

Second,the theory calls individuals to understand total behavior. Totalbehavior draws people to pay attention to what they can affectdirectly. It brings human`s alteration of their feelings andphysiology. Although human`s attitude can be altered, the theoryadvocates for a change in thinking and acting (Myers, 2004).

Thetheory advises victims to avoid criticizing and blaming others toimprove humans’ lives. Complaining creates external and harmfulbehaviors that destroy relationships. Instead, people should benonjudgmental and non-coercive. Before adapting to a given behavior,it is advisable for one to evaluate whether the responses are gettingthem closer to the people they need (Corey, 2012).

Fourth,life can be improved by paying attention to specifics. The processinvolves identifying the people who are disconnected and causingdiscomfort. There are two things required in the connection. First,is finding the disconnected people and adopting reconnectionbehaviors, and if the connections are irrenewable, it is essential toidentify new links (Myers, 2004).

Fifth,workable plans to reconnect with previously disconnected people canassist to improve lives. The methods require continuous follow-up toevaluate the progress of implementation. Although it is advisable tohave more than one plan, the first program should be thoroughlyexecuted before resuming to the second scheme (Myers, 2004).


Corey,G. (2012).&nbspTheory&amp practice of group counseling Instructor`s edition&nbsp(8thed., Instructor`s ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.

Myers,D. (2004).&nbspPsychology&nbsp(7thed.). New York, NY: Worth.