Psychology and Society

Psychology and Society

Psychologyand Society

Humanviolence is one of the main issues within the educational field ofpsychology. Indeed, psychological experts major on how individual’scharacters can interrelate with the social surroundings, such ascultural and political issues to give rise to violent behavior aswell as the violent event itself. Instead of focusing on thebiological cause of the event, it is essential to considerpsychological and mental process that impact an individual’stendencies for violence. Psychologically, it is important to createinterest in the interrelation between personality, intelligence andaggressive behavior. Indeed, there are major perspectives that tendto address the issue of violent behavior. These perspectives compriseof cognition and personality. The correlation between violencebehavior and social environment therefore needs be explored as well.

Thetheory of behavior asserts that human behavior, social violenceincluded, is developed through relations with the socialsurroundings. Persons are not born bearing the behavior instead,they learn to reason and act in a violent manner due to their dailyexperiences. These day to day experiences include witnessingpolitical leaders, families and friends receiving rewards due totheir violent behavior, or experiencing adoration of violent behaviorthrough different media. According to Bartol (2002), research revealsthat children who live with violent parents show some form ofaggressiveness, modelled with the parental behavior. Furthermore,people living in hostile communities learn to embrace the violentbehavior of their neighborhoods (Bartol, 2002).

Moreover,Behavioral theory asserts that there are various factors that maycontribute in cultivating a violent behavior. Stressful events suchas challenge, assault, or threat may encourage the development ofviolent behaviors. The psychological theory further observes thattechniques and skills obtained through observation of otherscontribute immensely to the development of the behavior. In additionto skills obtained and provocation of stimulus, the social believethat violent and aggressiveness is rewarded through enhancement ofself-esteem, frustration reduction and provision of material goodsencourages the development of the social behavior. A social andsystem that condones the behavior within particular contexts providesa conducive environment for the development of the subject behaviorin educational and criminal discipline. Importantly, the sociallearning theories directly explore the development of the statedbehavior.

Indeed,knowledge on psychological research helps the society and governmentin averting particular issues such as violent behaviors leading tofight and opposition of the political directives by members ofsociety. Terrorism, for instance, originates from violent behaviorsthat are rewarded within various communities. As a result, personsthat grow up in violent communities will therefore develop aggressivebehaviors. For the past few decades, perspectives of psychology onviolence have a huge impact on prevention of crime as well as crimecontrol. Primary strategies of prevention employ psychologicalideologies and they include policies that pursue to find and treatdisorders as well as personal problems before they render intoviolent and thus criminal behavior.

Someof the social organizations such as family therapy centers, schoolcounselling and health clinics are also involved in preventionefforts of violent behavior that may lead to criminal acts. Politicalleaders, social workers, employers and teachers often recognizepsychological programs, which is mainly attributed to the research inthe discipline of psychology. Political leaders as well as thesociety as a whole have promoted the psychological research throughthe allocation of funds on the research and encouraging members oftheir respective societies to participate in the research. Theexpansion of psychological services has also been championed, bothsocially and politically (Dolan, M. &amp C. Rennie, 2006).

Additionally,after one has been involved in a criminal justice, psychologicaltreatment is committed to them to facilitate their recovery. Majorityof these programs are based on the principles of social learning, andthe judges recommend this programs at the stage of sentencing. Mostgovernments have also facilitated the subjection of inmates topsychological assessment to decide on their needs of treatment.

References

Bartol,Curt. (2002). CriminalBehavior: A Psychological Approach.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Dolan,M. &amp C. Rennie. (2006).Personality and Individual.Psychopathy Checklist: Youth version of the Youth Psychopathic Trait Inventory: A comparison study.Differences, 41(4),779−789.

Leschied,Alan. (2007). Evidencefrom the Literature with Emphasis on Child and Youth Mental Disorder.The Roots of Violence:. Ottawa: The Centre of Excellence inChildren’s Mental Health.