Plato`s Notion of Justice

Plato`s Notion of Justice

Justice is part ofdemocracy in various countries. The judiciary is used to grantjustice to different people. The traditional way of setting disputeis also used to grant justice to those people who want to settlecases amicably. Mediation is encouraged as a way to of disputesettlement and grant justice to people. In the court of law, justicemay be delayed but finally justice will be awarded to the individual.Living morally upright is recommendable since selfishness is notconsidered as the virtue to grant justice to individuals. Livingexemplarily life makes people emulate from oneself and thus sociallyfit to the society.

According to Platonotion of justice, he believes that justice is human virtues thatencourage and dictate one to be self-consistent and morally uprightin his or her deeds. The virtue makes the society harmonious and fitto others who are emulating from the virtue (Bhandari, 2006). Thevirtue “righteousness” is a work morality that allows each andevery man to be responsible and cater for the family. The virtue alsoshould bear good fruits to others and should not negatively affecttheir personality. Justice according to Plato is in the soul sincethe virtue is inherently available to one soul where the irrationaldesires are not recommendable, more so, pleasure and those selfishdesires that are not in the soul should not be encouraged (Contreras,2012).

Though the Athenianhad democracy, many people were dissatisfied with the state conditionsince it was on ruin based on the fact that people were being killedsecretly. The political selfishness that was associated with manypeople both the leaders and the citizens made Plato define justice asmorally upright virtue that is in the soul.

The Plato’s notionof justice conflict with that of Thrasymachus based on that Platoencourages righteousness as the virtue to all the people so that theycan live harmoniously. On the other hand, Thrasymachus believes thatjustice is the “interest of the stronger”. Thrasymachus uses thenotion of stronger to survive (Lee, 2015). Thrasymachus argues thateach and every individual acts should work in a way that he or shecan gain what one needs. The stronger will always get what onerequires, and this is the reason he believes on personal interestrather than being mindful to others as long as one get what he or sherequired. Thrasymachus believes that the laws that are made to governa country are just ruling political parties’ selfish motives basedon that they are their interest. Whenever one breaks the lawpunishment will follow, and thus the government assumes that they areinstigating justice to the people.

In light of thisdebate, the purpose of right conduct is to make people live morallyupright. Whenever the notion of strongest to survive in the societyis used it means that the weak in the society will remain backwardand of no value to the society. Human beings were createddifferently, and they have different capabilities. The weak orvulnerable in the society should be supported so that they can feelpart and parcel of the society (Zucker, 2001). People should have therighteousness virtue so that they can work and live harmoniously.People should be moral based on that human being need others tosurvive. Even if one is stronger in the society and has everythingshe or he desires will need the weaker man so that he can do theground work or other related issues. Righteousness is a virtue thataims to make people live by a moral code. God created man and was thegiven the command to control the earth. Human being should be treatedequally, and this is the reason righteousness is encouraged. Peopleshould live by the moral code based on the fact that injustice doesnot bring happiness to people rather it causes agony. According toTrasymachus it is a form of strength and happiness to the stronger inthe society but to others it is not morally upheld, and it is treatedas a vice that causes discomfort and brings division among thesociety (Appiah, 2010). Hatred and ethnicity are as a result ofinjustice and should be eliminated in the society so that people canlive harmoniously.Conclusion

Injustice is notsource of strength, but it is a vice that is caused by selfishnessamong the people. Personal interests should not cause injustice toothers, but righteousness should be encouraged so that human beingcan live harmoniously. It is the role of the leaders to govern thecountry in a just way so that ethnicity and hatred can be reduced.Equal sharing of the national wealth is supposed to be conducted inthe right way. Equal distribution implies that all the citizens willbe happy, and others will follow the example from the government.Human beings were not created to be subjected to pain rather theywere set up to rule the world in a just way. In our routines, we aresupposed to follow the code of ethic so that justice prevails to allthe people we are serving.

References

Appiah, A. (2010). The honor code: How moral revolutions happen.New York: W.W. Norton.

Bhandari, R. (2006). Acient Philosophy: Plato’s concept of justice.Available from http://www.bu.edu/wcp/Papers/Anci/AnciBhan.htm

Contreras, F. (2012). The Threads of Natural Law Unravelling aPhilosophical Tradition. Dordrecht: Springer.

Lee, A. (2015). Philosophical image-making and dianoia in Plato`sRepublic.

Zucker, R. (2001). Democratic distributive justice. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.