Photography and Arts

Photography and Arts

Photographyand Arts

Question1:

Priorto the discovery of a camera, painting was the best used by artiststo produce quality pictures. Artists were respected for their abilityto produce realistic images of their world through painting (Hunter,2013). However, the discovery of the camera obscura in earlynineteenth century, paved way for a new way of producing real imagesusing sophisticated gadgets. The influence of the camera was apparentin the visual features of the painting and the subject matter, whichin turn provided a powerful direction in which artists took theircreative vision (Sayre, 2013). Artists shifted their focus frompainting to photography because it gave a promise of high qualityreality images that could be produced within a short time. The mainfocus was to improve the camera in order to produce high quality andcolored images since the initial camera produced black and whiteimages. Since then painting become a reserve of things thatphotography could not accomplish.

Relationshipbetween invention of camera and development of movements, such asimpressionism and realism

Impressionistsincorporated technological advances in their arts as a way ofrevolutionizing their art work. Camera helped artists in studyinggestures and movements in order to capture the spontaneous sense ofreal-life (Pissaro, 2015). Impressionists achieved this by freezingthe desired image in order to study and comprehend its surroundings.The camera inspired impressionists to experiment with off-centerfocus, candid groupings, deep perspective foreshortening, which weretypical features of the photography. Impressionists preferredphotography to other methods because it could help in recording realmoments in their world as opposed to other artistic methods thatcould only help in recording historical imaginations. Moreover,advances that have been realized in realism coupled with accuracy areattributed to technological developments (including the discovery andevolution of camera) and not to artistic skills and technique.Therefore, camera contributed towards advances in impressionism andrealism.

Question2: Realism and impressionism

Musicalimpressionism arose in the nineteenth century and continued to midtwentieth century. The movement originated in France and it wascharacterized by an atmosphere and suggestion, but it eschewedemotional expression that was common in the Romantic era. Most of theimpressionist composers preferred short forms of music, whichincludes arabesque, nocturne, and prelude (Pissaro, 2015). Inaddition, impressionist composers increased the popularity of thewhole tone scale music. This implies that the short form and wholetones confirms the manifestation of impressionism in music,especially the songs that were composed between early nineteenth andmiddle twentieth century. Most importantly, the seventh chord tone isrecognized as the most critical invention done by impressionistcomposers (Pissaro, 2015). The impressionists also extended to thirdchord to fifth and sixth harmonies.

ClaudeDebussy is an example of impressionist composers who contributedtowards the development impressionist movement. Although Debussydislikes the use of the term impressionism when describing his music,he was recognized as an influential composer of between the latenineteenth century and the early part of the twentieth century(Schrott, 2015). Debussy was mainly motivated by the French literarystyle. One of the latest Debussy’s compositions, ballet Jeux, whichhe wrote for Sergei Diaghilev, contains some of the strategisttextures and harmonies that tend to move freely. Ballet Jeux was thelast orchestral works of Debussy and manifested impressionism in itsharmonies, style, and structure.

References

Hunter,T. (2013). How and up to what extend a invention of camera changedthe art of painting? Quira.Retrieved September 28, 2015 fromhttps://www.quora.com/How-and-up-to-what-extend-a-invention-of-camera-photography-changed-the-art-of-painting

Pissaro,C. (2015). Impressionismin the visual arts.Atlanta: Impressionism Organization.

Sayre,H. (2013). Discoveringthe Humanities (2nd ed.).Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Schrott,A. (2015). Artist biography. AllMedia Network, LLC.Retrieved September 28, 2015, fromhttp://www.allmusic.com/artist/claude-debussy-mn0000768781/biography