Occupational therapy analysis

Occupational therapy analysis

Occupationaltherapy analysis

Dateof submission:

Occupationaltherapy over the years has undergone numerous changes and significantawareness. As advanced by the author Ms. Wood, (Wood, 1995)occupational therapy is directed by two major convictions, which Ms.Wood referred to as warp and weft. The author has focused to get indepth with how these two foundational convictions of occupationaltherapy has historically deepened and evolved (Wood, 1995). Thisanalysis thus is important for occupational therapist practitionersto undertake improved and appropriate form of treatment to those theyserve.

Thearticle is an outright embodiment of the total reflection of theOccupational therapist profession, which depicts the origin of thepractice, how it is being developed and where it will ultimatelyprogressed in the future (Wood, 1995). To achieve an effectivepractice the profession has to focus on the connections amongstpractice, education and research. In general this analysis will go along way to help the practice of my profession as occupationaltherapist assistance.

Occupationaltherapy as an art and science

Theoccupational therapy in the article carries a portrait of both an artand science. According to the author, the profession is characterizedby the belief that the involvement into an occupation by anindividual significantly influences their health. It makes thefoundational understanding that someone occupation is the best mediumfor health. The author termed this warp, which entails all thefactors making up the threads to anchor the profession core fabric(Wood, 1995). Before weaving process is conducted this threads areneeded to build up an integral fabric.

Overthe years, these threads have been assembled from research findings,several historical facts, contributions of reputed occupationaltherapists among other relevant sources. This understanding informsthat the practice of occupational therapy is an art, which neatlyutilizes the engagement into an occupation as the warp of the strongself-drive of human potential. It follows that when the therapistacknowledge the challenges experienced by a person to be challengesdue to his/her adjustments with respect to their ability to undertakedaily occupations, helps cement the essential factor in theprofession and thus shows its uniqueness.

Occupationsare those involvement which we give more of our time because itcarries a deeper meaning in our cultural and personal aspects oflife. These professions include those like activities as dressing,feeding ourselves, paying bills, bathing, driving, gardening,reciting poetry and worshiping among others. Though the visibleaspects of occupation varies over time in any culture the basicscomponents remains the same (Wood, 1995). As a matter of fact, thepractice of occupational therapy is an art that goes intounderstanding the attributes of one’s occupation and in effectoffers the best therapy to the arising problems from that particularoccupation.

Accordingto the author, as a science occupational therapy implies thehumanistic value of respect for the person (Wood, 1995). Thetherapist brings together a clear understanding of a particularoccupation and weaves effective treatment processes which apply theappropriate scientific body of knowledge to foster the life of thosethey serve. Therefore, this plan is a therapy which uses thescientific framework to treat those they serve, after a thoroughanalysis of their occupation.

Theart and science of OT in my professional practice

Inmy practice as assistance occupational therapist assistance, I haveobserved that this profession is influenced by the two convictions,the warp and weft, advocated by the author. This in turn translatesto art and science of the practice. In our daily encounter with theclients, before administering any form of treatment, it is within ourmandate to collect their prerequisite data through orderly clinicalobservations or in other instances creating a research project toassist develop new concept appropriate for client’s treatment(prezi.com, 2015).

Thesemakes the practice considered scientific, where we get to the extentof formulating new theories that help support or refute the theoriesthat exist in order to offer the best treatment relevant to the needsof a particular occupation. Not only do we rely on the technicalskills, but also we allow the art of practicing the occupationaltherapy. In the sense that we consider the elements making themethods and techniques that attains the improvements in the client’soccupational practice.

Theevolution of the occupational therapy practice

Thepractice and the perspective concerning occupational therapy haveundergone significant changes over the last twenty years since thearticle was written. Initially at the time this article was written,occupational therapy was in a state of identity crisis (OccupationalTherapy Research Agenda, 2011). It was at a point where its realityand the right position within the healthcare systems was beingdebated. Many questions were raised concerning its dimensions ofpractice, educational requirements and value system. At the time, fewprofessional overlap was experienced, but at the moment newperspective about occupational therapy is being witnessed. It isquite a pressing concern at the moment, to access the position of OTin light of the current biomedical model, the renaissance of thefeminist movement and the future trends for medicine.

Valueand significance of the information in this article

Theinformation analysis provided for in this article is essential to theoccupational therapist practitioners. They help them understand thatthe occupation gives meaning to life, the individual daily activitiessignificantly influences their health. They get a full grasp that theoccupation one engages in is an important determiner of justice,well-being and their health. It indicates that the occupationorganizes behavior, develops and changes over a lifetime of anindividual (Aota.org, 2015). It helps appreciates that an occupationshapes and in effect shaped by a given environment. In addition, hasa therapeutic potential (Aota.org, 2015).

Thecolleagues from other disciplines related to the occupationtherapists, derive a lot of value from this article. It helps themunderstand that humans are beings linked to their occupation, uniqueand endowed with intrinsic dignity and worth (Aota.org, 2015). Ithelps them understands that every person has the right to makehis/her own decisions about life and self-determination. The articleoffers invaluable information in that it shows individuals possesssome ability to engage in occupations. It reveals people are bothspiritual and social beings. In addition, it reveals that theenvironment shape people.

Thesignificance of the practice to the field of OT includes theunderstanding that health is beyond the absence of a disease, thathealth is determined by everyday choices one makes in theiroccupation (Aota.org, 2015). And it indicates that the well-being ofan individual is goes beyond their health to quality of life(Aota.org, 2015).


Itis apparent from the analysis that the occupational therapy is adynamic profession, which is considered both as an art and science.It is a practice that historically has undergone changes due constantresearch in the field. This is done in attempt to improve treatmentoffered to the clients experiencing different forms of disorders.Therefore, this analysis helps understand occupational influence toan individual’s health.


OccupationalTherapy Research Agenda. (2011). American Journal Of OccupationalTherapy, 65(6_Supplement), S4-S7.http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2011.65s4

Associationof Occupational Therapists. (2006). Occupational therapy. London:Association of Occupational Therapists.

Wood,W. (1995). Weaving the warp and weft of occupational therapy: An artand science for all times. American Journal of Occupational Therapy,49, 44-52.

prezi.com,.(2015). Occupational Therapy- Art or Science?. Retrieved 18 September2015, fromhttps://prezi.com/p9wxpmphtdcb/occupational-therapy-art-or-science/

OccupationalTherapy and Hospice (Statement). (1998). American Journal OfOccupational Therapy, 52(10), 872-873.http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.52.10.872

Aota.org,.(2015). About Occupational Therapy – AOTA. Retrieved 18 September2015, from http://www.aota.org/about-occupational-therapy.aspx