Motivational Theories/Memory Acquisition

Motivational Theories/Memory Acquisition

MotivationalTheories/Memory Acquisition

Institutionalaffiliations:

MotivationalTheories/Memory Acquisition

PartA

AggressiveBehavior

HowDrive Theory Prompted this Behavior

Accordingto Guay, Vallerand &amp Blanchard, (2000), the individualfrustration induces an aggressive drive that in turn leads to someform of aggression and hostility behavior.

HowIncentive Theory Prompted This Behavior.

Itis believed that a great deal of aggressive behavior is oftenprompted by its nature of anticipated benefits. The pull of apossible success is the instigator of the behavior.

HowArousal Theory Prompted this Behavior.

Thearousal-cognitive approach operates in the following way: In theevent a situational condition significantly threatens an individual’swell-being, they tend to evoke a physiological arousal. The arousalthus prompts a cognitive process where the individual will assess thesituation determining the behavior response of an individual such asaggression.

HowBrain State Theory Prompted This Behavior.

Anindividual’s physical brain state will determine his or heraggressive behavior. The physical state of the brain at anyparticular moment will dictate how one will respond in any situation.

HuggingBehavior

HowDrive Theory Prompted this Behavior

Thepsychological drive can be used to explain the hugging behavior. AShug may be prompted by the excitatory state that is produced by theindividual’s homeostatic disturbance hence driving the huggingbehavior of an individual. Whenever a need has been satisfied, thedrive will be reduced, and the individual will in the process returnto a particular state of relaxation and homeostasis (Guay, Vallerand&amp Blanchard, 2000).

HowIncentive Theory Prompted this Behavior

Theincentive theory is focused on the main idea that hugging behavior isextrinsically motivated. People tend to be more motivated to huganother person if they receive a reward after the act.

HowArousal Theory Prompted this Behavior.

Promptsare stimuli that help to initiate a response. In a situation where aparent tells, a child to go straight home after school and then theparent hugs her for complying that prompt will be discriminativestimuli. Therefore, the reinforcement will follow when a particularbehavior is followed.

HowBrain State Theory Prompted this Behavior.

Oxytocinreleased prompts a spontaneous outbreak individuals hugging. Oxytocinis regarded as a molecule of social connection that bringsindividuals closer hence resulting to hugging (Dweck, 2000).

Applicationof Different Theories to Influence Behavior

Motivationaltheories have applied widely in the explanation of what reallymotivates people for them to behave the way they do. For instance,managers apply these theories to the workplace for the purposes ofshading some light on why some of the employees work hard or even arecommitted that the other employees (Dweck, 2000). Therefore, withthis understanding, the manager will be in a better position to findout how to motivate each staff to perform at peak levels. Therefore,managers understanding how to apply the motivational theory in theirdaily activities particularly in the workplace will take themanager’s skills higher to the next level.

PartB

MemoryAcquisition

Thememory acquisition takes place in phases such as in the preparationphase an individual pays attention to perception, and this occursthrough a given motivational situation. According to Anderson (2000),the acquisition phase follows where new experiential information isrecognized and later processed. In the storage phase, the experiencesare stored and in the recollection phase, the stored data reentersinto the consciousness. The acquisition process is important in thememory development. Memory development, particularly in earlyadolescent and childhood, has shown some similarities in terms of thememory performance and the various cognitive processes. It is arguedthat most of the current memory development models are all idealized.The acquisition capacity of memory and the available knowledge basethat are available within one’s life history is not clear atpresent.

WhatI Would Change In Robots from the Human Design

Theepisodic memory is one thing that would change from the human design.For instance, the first creatures lived only in the present theycensored their surrounding and later chose their action based oncurrent situation. The future generation lived in the present butwith an eye to the future hence can make a plan and further createsexpectations, unlike the robot. The robots can refer to their pastjust like a human but the sophisticated behavior of looking into thefuture.

References

Anderson,J. R. (2000). Learning and memory.

Dweck,C. S. (2000). Self-theories:Their role in motivation, personality, and development. Psychology Press.

Guay,F., Vallerand, R. J., &amp Blanchard, C. (2000). On the assessmentof situational intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: The SituationalMotivation Scale (SIMS). Motivationand emotion, 24(3),175-213.