Introduction to Urban Studies

Introduction to Urban Studies

INTRODUCTION TO URBAN STUDIES 4

Introductionto Urban Studies

Introductionto Urban Studies

1

Unevengrowth is the situation where an urban center or a region develops inan unequal manner, where areas in the same region grow at differentrates. Uneven growth is marked by different rates of growth betweendifferent areas, with some growing at significantly higher rates thanothers.

2

Thegrowth machine is made up of a coalition of people with personal,commercial development interests that result from the growth of acity. A city is turned into a growth machine by people using privatepower and public authority to stimulate growth in areas that willfavor their own business interests (Steinbacher&amp Benson,2012).The growth machine concept is the explanation for the uneven growthin cities.

3

Urbanrenewal is the redevelopment of different regions within a largeurban center by clearing areas that are underdeveloped such as theslums. It mostly involves rehabilitations and development of poorlybuilt urban sections by constructing new infrastructure and buildings(Steinbacher&amp Benson,2012).

4

Gentrificationis the acquisition and renovation of buildings located inunderdeveloped and deteriorated regions of an urban center. This isdone with a view to displace small businesses and low incomeresidents (Steinbacher&amp Benson,2012).This is done by wealthy individuals with a view of increasing theproperty value.

5

Propertyhas two types of value, Market Value and Utility value. The utilityvalue is the intrinsic value, whole the market value is the extrinsicvalue.

6

Megaevent facilities are attractive to cities because the urban centershave the right infrastructural developments that support their use.Cities also have social and commercial services and facilities tosupport the success of mega events.

7

JaneJacobs valued sidewalks in NYC because she favored walking publictransport and biking over the use of cars for private transportation.

8

Aglobal city is a large urban center that is regarded as an importantpart of the global economic system because of its global nature ofits operations.

2.Bus Riders Union

TheBus Riders Union if LA rejected the inequality of the uneven growthby advocating for a freeze on bus fare and substantial reduction inprices (BusRiders Union, 2000).They also sought an increase in the number of fleets to reduceovercrowding and promoted equality in the transport services.

References

BusRiders Union – Documentary (2000). RetrievedFrom, &lthttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T2VF8sovHMM&gt

Steinbacher,R., &amp Benson,V.O. (2012). Introductionto Urban Studies.Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company.