Impacts of Fukushima Nuclear Accident on the Environment

Impacts of Fukushima Nuclear Accident on the Environment

Impactsof Fukushima Nuclear Accident on the Environment

Impactsof Fukushima Nuclear Accident on the Environment

Statementof the Problem

Nuclearpower plants have always been perceived as reliable sources of safeenergy, but the occurrence of Fukushima accident indicates that theycould be dangerous to the environment and human lives (Yoshida,2002). The proposed analytical report will focus on the impact ofFukushima accident on the environment.

Purposeand scope

Thepurpose of the proposed analytical report is to determine the causesof the Fukushima accident, its impact on the environment, andpossible solutions that can prevent the occurrence of similaraccidents in the future. The accident, which occurred in March 2011,resulted in the release of contaminated water from reactors that hadbeen damaged, leading to the discharge of radioactive materials intothe sea (Buesseler, Aoyama &amp Fukasawa, 2011).

Decisionmakers

Theproposed analytical report targets two major stakeholders, includingthe Science Council of Japan and the Energy and Environmental Council(EEC). The two organizations are responsible for the regulation ofthe energy sector and environmental protection.

Sourcesand methods of data collection

Informationrequired in the analytical report will be obtained from onlinelibraries and website of credible organizations. The search will beconducted by using key words, such as “causes of Fukushimaaccident”, “preventing a repeat of Fukushima accident”, and“solution to nuclear reactor accidents”.

Preliminaryoutline

  1. Background: The Fukushima nuclear accident occurred in March 11, year 2011, affecting three reactors (Lochbaum, 2014).

  2. Purpose: The analytical report will focus on causes, impact, and possible solutions of the Fukushima nuclear accident.

  1. Causes and environmental impacts of the Fukushima accident

  1. Inadequate safety measures leading excessive accumulation of radioactive isotopes of cesium and iodine at the discharge point (Buesseler, Aoyama &ampFukasawa, 2011).

  2. Nuclear plants discharged radioactive materials into the sea and nearby residential areas (Buesseler, Aoyama &amp Fukasawa, 2011).

  1. Solutions

  1. Production of alternative sources of energy, such as fossil fuels (Hong, Bradshaw &amp Brook, 2013)

  2. Develop nuclear power, but with additional safety measures (Lochbaum, 2014).

  1. Conclusion

  1. The Fukushima nuclear accident was caused by a natural event and human error.

  2. Future decisions on development of nuclear reactors should be based on potential environmental impacts.

References

Buesseler,K., Aoyama, M., &amp Fukasawa, M. (2011).Impacts of the Fukushimanuclear power plants on marine radioactivity.Environmental science &amp technology,45(23),9931-9935.

Hong,S., Bradshaw, C. J., &amp Brook, B. W. (2013). Evaluating optionsfor the future energy mix of Japan after the Fukushima nuclearcrisis. EnergyPolicy,56,418-424.

Lochbaum,D. (2014). Fukushima:The story of a nuclear disaster.New York, NY: New Press.

Yoshida,F. (2002). Theeconomics of waste and pollution management in Japan.Tokyo, Japan: Springer.