Health Screening Screening for Asthma

Health Screening Screening for Asthma

HealthScreening: Screening for Asthma

HealthScreening: Screening for Asthma

Asthmarefers to a chronic disease of the lungs that narrows and inflamesthe airways of the affected person. The disease is characterized byrecurring wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, andcoughing (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015). Asthmaaffects people of all age groups, but it mainly starts duringchildhood. An effective education and screening program for asthmacan lead to an early detection of the diseases and help indetermining whether the condition is under control among those whohave already been diagnosed with asthma.

Screeningpurpose

Asthmais a terminal illness that affects the quality of life of patientstill death. Currently, asthma affects about 25 million Americans,where about 750,000 of them live in the state of Michigan (HHS,2015). Most importantly, it is estimated that over 7,114 new cases ofasthma are being reported each year on, which is an annual increaserate of about 8.9 (Asthma Initiative of Michigan, 2015). Asthmaaffects both the professional and the personal life of the affectedperson due to frequent disease symptoms at night and frequentexacerbations. The purpose of early screening is to detect thedisease in its early stages in order to initiate managementstrategies before it progresses to its chronic phases.

Population

Althoughasthma affects people of all ages, children are at a high risk thanthe adults. Statistics have shown that about 13 % of between thepre-kindergarten children and the sixth grade within the county ofMonroe have been diagnosed with asthma (Health Action, 2011).Therefore, the education and screening program for asthma shouldtarget children aged 0-11 years and their parents.

Outcomegoals

Screeningfor asthma is highly recommended for children because it leads to anearly detection of symptoms. The early detection and treatmentprevents the disruption of patient from their daily activities,including sports, sleep, and learning (Mayo Clinic, 2015). This isbecause asthma patients respond better to medication when the diseaseis treated in its early stages, which in turn reduce the chances forthe occurrence of a life-threatening condition. An effectiveeducational program equips children and parents with the skills theyneed to manage the condition, even at home and in the absence of ahealth care professional.

Location

Thescreening and educational program will be held at WesleyanChurch-Fellowship Hall, which is located Jerome St. The hall iseasily accessible to many children and parent given that it islocated in an urban area, which is well connected with differentmeans of transport. In addition, the selected is an icon in thecounty, which means that the target population will be able toidentify it easily.

Table 1: Estimated cost of screening 5,000 children for seven days

Item

Quantity

Total amount ($)

Staff

12

5,040

Rent (Hall)

1

1,000

Transport

12 (staff only)

1,200

Meals

12 (staff only)

840

Spirometry test kits

5000 (for 5000 children)

500,000

Miscellaneous

500

Total

508,580

and conclusion

Asthmais considered as one of the serious terminal illnesses, but earlydetection can reduce the chances for the occurrence of severalsymptoms. Although asthma can affect anybody, trends indicate thatchildren are at a higher risk than the general population. It isanticipated that the proposed screening and educational program willprevent children aged between 0-11 years from suffering fromlife-threatening symptoms of asthma. The total cost ($ 508,580) ofthe program is reasonable given the anticipated benefits of screeningand educating the children and their parents.

References

AsthmaInitiative of Michigan (2015). Monroe County. AIM.Retrieved September 16, 2015, fromhttp://getasthmahelp.org/current-michigan-county-asthma-statistics.aspx?ctyID=58

HealthAction (2011). Maternal/ child health report card update.Monroe, MI: Monroe Department of Health.

MayoClinic (2015). Childhood asthma: Test and diagnosis. MayoClinic.Retrieved September 16, 2015, fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-asthma/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20028628

U.S.Department of Health and Human Services (2015). What is asthma? HHS.Retrieved September 16, 2015 fromhttp://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/asthma