Health Care Questions

Health Care Questions

HealthCare Questions

HealthCare Questions

Standardizationof the health care services and access

Patientshave unique characteristics, which creates the necessity todelivering differentiated services and access to health care.Standardization of the health care access and services means thatinsurance agencies can only cover one drug for each type of condition(Leonard, 2012). This implies that all patients insured under a givenprogram (such as Medicaid) can only access one type of treatment anddrug for a specific type of health care problem. This idea ofstandardizing health care services and their access ignores the factthat patients respond differently to different types of drugs.Consequently, standardization is likely to lead to a poor therapeuticoutcome, especially for clients who are less sensitive to the type oftreatment that is insured.

Standardizationalso limits patient autonomy to make choices regarding theirpreferred treatment. For example, patients suffering from heartdiseases, depression, and cancer prefer different therapies as wellas the treatment modalities, which gives them the confidence that thetreatment will be effective (Leonard, 2012). The confidence ofpatients in a given type of therapy and modality enhances theirsatisfaction with the health care system and chances for a bettertherapeutic outcome. Patients need to be allowed the freedom to weighsurgery, medication, lifestyle changes, and physical therapy sincethese choices determines the possibility of achieving the desiredclinical outcome. However, standardization denies patients the rightthe selected their preferred modalities and treatment options.

Standardizationlimits the capacity of the health care system to contain theescalating cost of care in two ways. First, the standardizationpolicy, in most cases, avoids the use generic drugs that are cheaper,which increases the cost of therapy that would have been reduced byusing cheaper drugs (Leonard, 2012). Secondly, taking care ofpatients who responded negatively to the treatment options that arepermitted under the standardization policy is an added cost thatwould have been prevented by allowing patients to receive specializedcare.

Stakeholdersin policy development

Someof the key stakeholders who take part in the process of developing apolicy that will guide the health care system include the members ofthe public, legislators, and the health care providers. Being amember of the public, people need to comprehend that the health carepolicy aims at benefiting them by enhancing the quality as well asthe access to care. Members of the public can take part in theprocess of developing a health care policy in two ways. First, theycan take in the ongoing public debates that are aimed at reformingthe current health care policy to make them better (Smith, 2015).Secondly, a member of the public can determine the type of the healthcare policy by electing leaders who have given the best alternativesduring campaigns. Currently, health care policy is a priority ofevery political candidate, including those running for presidency.

Areview of the website

Themain focus of the website is to indicate the decision making processadopted by different states on the issue of establishing a healthcare exchange program within the state. A few states (such as Texas)that valued public participation organized forums for collectingcomments from the members of the public (Kaiser Family Foundation,2015). This allowed them to consider some of the pressing factors(such as the cost of managing a state’s program) identified by themembers of the public. In some states (such as Montana), even thedecision of the legislature could not be taken into account becausethe governor vetoed it. In essence, states that allowed theparticipation of all stakeholders made informed and agreeabledecisions on whether to establish an insurance program. Some states(such as California) decided to establish a standardized insuranceprogram, without considering the need to deliver specialized care foreach patient.

Inconclusion, the quality of the decision made by each state can beweighed on the basis of the level of participation of the relevantstakeholders. States that consider standardizing health care servicesshould consider the fact that different patients respond to therapyin different ways.


Leonard,D. (2012). Therisk of standardizing health care.Washington, DC: National Pharmaceutical Council.

KaiserFamily Foundation (2015). State health insurance marketplaceprofiles. KaiserFamily Foundation.Retrieved October 1, 2015, from

Smith,K. (2015). Healthcare policy: the nurse’s crucial role.Pitman, NJ: American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing.