Health Assessment of Children`s Weight

Health Assessment of Children`s Weight

HealthAssessment of Children’s Weight

Itis very difficult to treat obesity. Therefore, it is very critical tostart early intervention for children who are overweight. A studythat was conducted by the National Institute of Health showed thatchildren who are overweight in their early years are likely to becomeoverweight later in their lives (Gibbs and Chapman-Novakofski, 2012).This discussion will focus on an overweight 5-year-old boy withparents who are also overweight. To identify early whether a child isgaining weight excessively, the American Academy of Pediatrics andthe Institute of medicine advocates for use of BMI assessment yearlyas an essential tool in pinpointing this issue. Center for DiseaseControl and Prevention (2012) suggest that a child is overweight ifhis or her percentile range is 85thto less than the 95thpercentile.

Thereare various health issues and health risks that are associated withoverweight children and their parents. According to LeBlond, Brown,and DeGowin (2009), overweight children are likely to develop highcholesterol and high blood pressure, which can also lead tocardiovascular disease. Also, they are at a risk of developing type 2diabetes. Other health issues associated with overweight childreninclude asthma, sleeping problems due difficulties in breathing,musculoskeletal discomfort, problems in joints, and heart burns. Lowself esteem, depression, and damaged emotional, social, and physicalfunctioning might also be experienced by an overweight child.

Whentaking the BMI of this five year old boy, the measurements should betaken in a confidential, respectful, and in a proper manner. Inaddition, it should be done in a private setting and informationgathered should be handled with great care to guaranteeconfidentiality (LeBlond et al., 2009). The local laws, policies, andregulations should govern how this information is shared with hisparents considering that they are overweight too. More informationabout the family lifestyle and family history should be gathered fromthe parents in a sensitive manner because they might be the rootcauses of excess weight gain in that family. It is important to findout if the parents are willing to discuss the issue. Mostimportantly, use terms they prefer when referring to their child. Cultural differences should also be taken into consideration. Theseare some of the questions that the parents should be asked abouttheir child:

1.“The BMI of your child is beyond the healthy range, and this couldlead to some various health issues. Would you mind to tell me if yourchild what kinds of foods your family eat most of the time?

2.Does your family engage in any physical activities?

3.Or is your child taking any medication that might be causing theweight gain?”

Howchildren handle matters related to overweight differs from that oftheir parents. Parents tend not to notice that their own children areoverweight, therefore it becomes difficult for them to beginessential interventions with their kids. For that reason, CDC et al.,(2012) suggests that support should be given to parents whosechildren are overweight to conquer the sensitive issue of weight, andact for the benefit of their overweight children. Two strategies thatshould be used to encourage parents to be proactive about the weightand health of their children are: One, making the parent to acceptthe situation as it is and come up with goals and ways of maintaininghealthy weight. Two, teach the parents how to focus on good health,not a specific weight goal, and encourage them to involve the wholefamily in changing the eating habits and sedentary lifestyles.

References

Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention (2012). Childhoodoverweight and obesity. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/

Gibbs,H., &amp Chapman-Novakofski, K. (2012). Exploring nutritionliteracy: Attention to assessment and the skills clients need.Health,4(3), 120–124. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

LeBlond,R. F., Brown, D. D., &amp DeGowin, R. L. (2009). DeGowin’sdiagnostic examination (9th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical.