Grosz George

Grosz George



GroszGeorge was one of the most famous German artists in the early 20thcentury. Before he moved to the United States in the 1930s, he was amember of the Berlin Dada and New Objective group. He was born inBerlin, German Empire in July 1983. His parents owned a pub and weredevoted Lutheran. However, his father died when he was seven years,and thus was left at the care of his mother. and hismother lived in Berlin but relocated to Stolp in Pomerania in 1902where he attended secondary school. In 1908, his architecturalstudies were discontinued after he physically attacked a traineeteacher. However, he passed the entrance examination and was enrolledat the royal academy for art in Dresden. At the academy, concentrated on graphic art and made contribution to the satiricalmagazines in 1910. In 1912, he was enrolled at the college of art andcrafts in Berlin where he studied graphic art. He also visitedCalarossi’s studio in Paris for several months in 1913. When Germanentered the First World War, was one of the young menwho volunteered to fight in the army but was discharged after asurgical operation (Olga`s Gallery, 2015).

Afterbeing discharged from the army, went back to the artindustry, where after several meeting with artists and scholars, theyfounded the Berlin Dada. He was one of the artists who were involvedin anti nationalism and anti patriotism protests in 1916, which ledto him changing the spelling of his name. At the same time, heproduced some of his most celebrated masterpieces, including Lovesickand suicide.He also joined the ‘November group”, which was established in1918 after the Russian revolution (Olga`s Gallery, 2015).

Inaddition to Lovesickand suicide, made several other masterpieces as well as publishedworks. However, some of his drawings that have been very visible inthe modern scene include thecity,thefuneraland explosive.His drawings were mainly done using ink and pen, but used watercolorto further develop the art. was a controversial artist.His works of art were largely influenced by the economic andpolitical situation in Europe after the First World War. Thus, hisworks of art were characterized by political messages and politicalsatire. He also published political articles which criticized what hereferred to as the negative world (Kranzfelder, 2005). After Hitlerassumed power in Germany, moved to the United Stateswhere he abandoned the main themes in his previous work. While in theUnited States, his work of art mainly involved convectional nudepainting as well as fascinating landscapes. However, there were someexceptional such as Hitlerin Hell,which he painted in during the Second World War (McCloskey, 2015).

GroszGeorge has had a huge impact in the development of modern art. Whilein the United States, he taught art and painting in New York. He wasalso a mentor to many revolutionary artists in the 20thcentury, especially the members of the New Objectivity. Due to hishuge contribution in art, he has been fictionalized in both novelsand film. Although the interest in his work dropped significantlyafter he moved into the united states due to change of theme, heremains one of the most celebrated German artists in the 20thcentury (McCloskey, 2015).


Kranzfelder,Ivo (2005). GeorgeGrosz.Cologne: Benedikt Taschen.

McCloskey,B. (2015). Theexile of George Grosz: modernism, America, and the one world order,Oakland, California: University of California Press.

Olga`sGallery (2015). GeorgeGrosz,