Greek and Roman Influence

Greek and Roman Influence

GREEK AND ROMAN INFLUENCE 4

Greekand Roman Influence

Greekand Roman Architectural Influence

TheGreek and the Roman civilizations influenced the development of theUnited States, especially after independence. During the design ofthe Washington DC, there was an influence from the Greek and Romancivilizations, especially in architecture. The Greek and Romanarchitectural designs were among the most conspicuous signs ofinfluence of the two civilizations in the young American nation(Sayre, 2013). One of the main aspects of influence was the way theAmerican buildings in Washington DC were constructed and designed. AsAmerican founding fathers sought to avoid any English influence thatwould portray neocolonialism, they turned to Greek and Romancivilizations for inspiration. As a result, some American buildingsportrayed properties of the two ancient civilizations and borrowedheavily in their architectural properties.Asignificant influence of the Greek and Romans is the Washingtonbuildings. One of the buildings that borrowed heavily from the Greekand Roman architectural designs was the Jefferson Memorial. This ismainly because Jefferson was highly inspired by the two civilizationsand sought to avoid any English connection with the Americanarchitecture (Dierckx,2010).Another building is the Lincoln Memorial, which takes a lot ofarchitectural designs of the ancient Roman civilization buildings. Inaddition, the United States Supreme Court was designed andconstructed in the architectural design inspired by the Roman ancientbuildings. These show the extent of influence of the twocivilizations in the architectural design and building of WashingtonDC.Theaesthetic aspect of the Greek and Roman architecture was also aninfluence in the United States architecture, especially in WashingtonDC. The beautiful buildings in the United States capital haveaesthetic pillars and pediments that borrow heavily from the Greeksand Roman buildings. The pillars were used in the ancient buildingsof the two civilizations, making houses stronger and beautiful toview. The architectural designs of the pillars were also related tothe designs of the Greek and Roman aches that are also found in theUnited States (Sayre, 2013). This is another architectural influenceof Greek and Roman architecture of the American society. Selected Example of RomanadvancementsOneof the greatest elements of Roman advancement was the use of theRoman aqueduct.The aqueduct was a channel constructed by the ancient Romans toconvey water. They were built as a bridge across a valley, which wassupported by tall columns (Dierckx,2010).The aqueducts were used to convey water from the sources tocommunities and people living in the Roman urban centers. Theaqueducts impacted the ancient Roman societies by bringing them infresh water for domestic and commercial use. As a result, thecultures of the ancient Roman societies were impacted as people couldlive in different parts of the country where water was availedthrough the aqueducts. This is the way the societies in the Romancities were able to access clean water and promote better publichealth.Theadvancement of the use of aqueducts has since evolved into a megaengineering concept that is used in the modern world. The advancementof aqueducts has been made possible by the invention of betterengineering methods and materials of building the channels. Thedevelopments and enhancements that have been made in the use ofaqueducts have made them more reliable in the modern world (Dierckx,2010).Particularly, more advanced aqueducts have been used in supplyingwater and directing sewers. This advanced use of aqueducts has led tobetter sanitation and promotion of public health. References

Sayre,H.M., (2013). Discoveringthe Humanities (2nd ed.).UpperSaddle River,New Jersey: PrenticeHall

Dierckx,H.M. (2010). GreekandRoman Civilizations.Greensboro, NC: Carson-Dellosa Publishing