Ghana and Britain Culture

Ghana and Britain Culture

GHANA AND BRITAIN CULTURE 9

Ghanaand Britain Culture

Comparethe belief systems of Ghana and Britain

Cultureis presented as the characteristics and knowledge of a particulargroup that is defined from religion, language, cuisine, arts, music,and social habits. It is the shared patterns of interaction andbehaviors, understanding and the cognitive structures that arelearned through socialization. Essentially, it is the growth ofidentity of a group that is fostered by the unique patterns to thegroup. Most countries have many immigrants where a massive crowd ofpeople that make up that country (Dugan, 2014) affects their way oflife. This paper aims to present a comparative analysis of Ghana andBritain culture values and belief system, present thecharacteristics of each culture, historical and present relationshipbetween Ghana and Britain and how each culture affected one another.

of the main characteristics of each culture

Ghanaand Britain

DemographyGhanahad about 20 million people in 2000 where it has a growing rate of 3%per year. Most individuals take agriculture as a form of livelihood.The country has diverse cultures regarding religion, beliefs, way oflife, art, cuisine, and language. British have an indirect style ofcommunication

Linguisticaffiliation Thenational language of Ghana is The English language that is inheritedfrom Britain. This language is used in institution and government.English is merely a second language to Ghanawheremost people speak the distinctive version of West African English(SCHWIMMER).There are over fifty-nine native dialects where Akan is the mostwidely oral language. In Britain, the cultural and regionalrelationship are expressed in linguistic difference

Symbolism

Ghanaas a nation is not developed regarding symbolism. The mostdistinctive elements of emblem came from the nationalist movement.Black Star is the most prominent that evokes the black pride andobligation and authority to pan-African unity that were the innermosttheme in rallying the confrontation against the British rule. Theemblem is attributed in the national coats of arms (Aryeetey &amp Ernest, 2000).The nativel dress kenteis a source of pride and identity for the Ghanaian people. InBritain, the symbolic attachment may reinforce the localism or formof personal commitment extending across the social, economic strata.Support for rugby and soccer became imperative in the 20thcentury.

EthnicAssociations

Ghanahas diverse people, Akan being the many followed by Ga, Ewe, Guan,Adangbe and Kyerepong in the south. The relations between differentgroups are pleasant where the country has avoided the ethnicalconfrontations (Aryeetey&amp Ernest, 2000).In Britain, the extent of integration is left over the socialintegration that is indicative, accumulation, and assimilationwhereas the integration indicates the social pluralism. Most of thepeople who come to Britain are discriminated against inferred fromtheir spatial distribution.

Customsand Ceremonial occasions

Mostof the households raise dwarf goats and chickens that are preservedfor particular instance like wedding Christmas and traditionalfestivities. Palm wine are the most popular drinks

Propertyand Land tenure

Theuse of the traditional land was systematized close to the burn slashsystems where crops grew for 2 to 3 years. It then took much longer.This time fostered the shared land occupancy where a large group of alineage held arms in unison for their members where ownership wasallocated on order. In the recent period, ownership of land hasaffected commercial use of cocoa that involve land being permanentlyused and the substantial expansion in demand for new plots. The landsthat are purchased are considered private rather than communal orfamily property(SCHWIMMER)

Castesand Classes

Theclassification system of Ghana follows the modern time andpre-colonial patterns. Britain greatly influenced the stratificationsystem. The traditional kingdoms were in hereditary classes such ascommoners, Royals, and the slaves. The Royal had exclusive rights forthe central office of a king. Unlike Britain, office holders weregranted special status, and not necessarily to the extended family.In Britain, the social class ideology has. A strong emphasis than theidea of ethnicity where people are presented as the working class. Astrong correlation exists between the trade union movement and theworking class ideology. The middle class has an attitude towardspolitics coupled with a social background showing that the elderswith white-collar jobs aremore prone to classify themselves in a social class (Donnelly, 2014).

Symbolsfor social stratification

Thekings and hereditary officials in the traditional practice symbolizedtheir status with regalia. In Britain however, the social classideology has more emphasis than that of ethnicity. The people ofBritain are in three classes: lower, middle, and upper class. Onlyvery few confesses that they belong to the upper class. The upperclass is usually preserved for the aristocratic inheritors

Genderand Labor Division

Thelabor division differs athwart diverse people. For instance for theAkan group, the women put into assumption the fundamental roles ofchild caring and domestic chores. In essence, men on the other hand,take tasks that require use of massive strength. Both men and womentake into consideration the fundamentals of agriculture. Women takeperform the tasks that are quite repetitive. In fact, the women canassist men in their work while at the same timework on their ownfarms. The production of craft is divided into genders where womenweave, carve and do the metal work while women take on theresponsibilities of processing food and pottery. The exclusive womanoccupation is the petty trade where they control independently anymoney derived from their endeavors.Men, on the other hand, provide capital funding to the women(Aryeetey &amp Ernest, 2000).

InBritain, there was national debate on the changing role of the womenin the society. When compared to Ghana, women are more empowered inBritain where women are increasingly being restructured in theeconomy. About 50% of the British women work where of half of thesewomen are part-time workers. Nevertheless, just like any country, athere exists a divide in gender in terms of occupation for genders,pay level and occupation access.Britain shares more of the ideal of gender equality whereas in Ghana,men are seen as the most superior (Donnelly, 2014).

InGhana, women were empowered economically and politically. Theirgreatest powers were derived from their prerequisite to manage assetsand profits without the oversight of male. Modernization andcolonialization have changed the position of the women in thesociety. Women have expanded and retained the trade prospects andgain massive wealth. Men on the other hand, have gained diverseeducational opportunities. They are involved in government andinstitutional employment(SCHWIMMER)

Marriage

InGhana, the elderly coordinate for the marriages. People are notpermitted to marry from their lineage. Intermarriage between cousinsis more preferred to marrying the next of kin. The groom is expectedto pay the bride price. The chief mark the status through marryingmany women. Getting more children is an imperative aspect ofmarriage. Divorce is common and so is remarriage.

InBritain unmarried cohabitation and premarital sex is accepted widely.Singlehood for mothers from unstable cohabitation or breakdown inmarriage is the chief complexities since it affects the welfare ofthe budget rather than the moral query. The family relationshipnonetheless, remains close. The nuclear family is on the declinesince there has been increased the rate of divorce and unmarriedcohabitation and personal commitment. Unlike Britain, Ghana hasstrong family value setup where most people are inclined to thetraditional marriage set up. In Britain, 70% of the adults think thatpeople should be in touch with the family members (Donnelly, 2014).

KinGroups

Corporate,localized lineage is the basic settlement units, social ownership,and resource ownership. Villages and towns have dissimilar regionswith many descendants. Members of the group own the rights to officein the settlement. The loyal lineage holds title to queen and chiefsmother position. Lineage has the internal authority that is a ritualunit that holds the sacrifices and observance for the ancestors. InBritain, the family life is changing, and there exists tensionbetween some contemporary values and the kinship ties. Nevertheless,most people perceive themselves to be part of the multigenerationalfamily and regard these relations imperatively (Donnelly,2014).

Etiquette

TheGhana as a country emphasizes on hospitality, politeness, andformality. The acquaintances upon meeting shake hands and ask theothers about their health and family. A visitor shakes and greets theentire family member. The host must offer the guest with something todrink or eat even if the visitors do not come during the mealtime.Libation is poured after a long journey. A youthful person addressesthe seniors as mother or father and must show sufficient deference.It is rude to accept a gift with a left hand or stare at people. Useof like nonsense, silly and foolish are regarded as extremelyunpleasant and are used in extreme anger(SCHWIMMER).In Britain on the other hand, since it is a crowded country. Peoplecope with the scenario through being reserved, politely ignoringstrangers, diffident in public, defending the private places, andminding their own business quietly. In essence, they expect others todo the same (Donnelly, 2014).

Religion

Regardingreligion, Ghana claims an equal number of adherent composed of Islam,Christianity, and traditional African religion. Muslims andChristians follow some indigenous practice. Elements from Africancommunity such as drumming and dancing have been incorporated in someof the Christian settings. The belief about supreme being differsregarding the ethnic group.Ancestors play a big part of the spiritual forces(Aryeetey &amp Ernest, 2000).The ancestral beliefs are built on political rites where each lineagereveres it is imperative deceased member collectively andindividually. The priestess and priests are the religiouspractitioners. In Britain, the adherence to church has dramaticallyfallen, and the British are not interested in formal religiouspractices (Donnelly, 2014).

Conclusion

Cultureis presented as the characteristics and knowledge of a particulargroup that is defined from religion, language, cuisine, arts, music,and social habits. Both Ghana are related in terms of linguisticaffiliations. The national language of Ghana is The English languagethat is inherited from Britain. This language is used in institutionand government. English is merely a second language to Ghanawheremost people speak the distinctive version of West African English.Theclassification system of Ghana follows the modern time andpre-colonial patterns. Britain greatly influenced the stratificationsystem. The traditional kingdoms were in hereditary classes such ascommoners, Royals, and the slaves. The Royal had exclusive rights forthe central office of a king. InGhana, women were empowered economically and politically.InBritain unmarried cohabitation and premarital sex is accepted widely.Withthis and other factors, we can see a closer association between theculture of Ghana and Britain in regard to colonial affiliation

Reference

Donnelly,M. (2014). SixtiesBritain: culture, society, and politics.Routledge

Aryeetey,&amp Ernest. (2000). ADiagnostic Study of Research and Technology Development in Ghana.Retrieved from One World:http://www.oneworld.org/thinktank/rtd/ghana1.htm

Dugan,C. (2014). AcademicVocabulary Level 2–What Is Culture?Teacher Created Materials.

SCHWIMMER,B. (n.d.). Ghana.Retrieved from Countries and their countries:http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Ghana.html