Freedom and Civil War

Freedom and Civil War


Freedomand Civil War

Freedomand Civil War



Inregard to the 14thamendment of the United States constitution, the passage of thisamendment prompted freedom. The framers of the amendment intended tohave limitation on state’s power. The 14thamendment was required to confer the narrow and limited number arrayof privileges.It is the privileges and immunities clause which incorporates theBills of rights and not necessarily the due process that s merely ashorthand expression. The citizens of each state shall be entitled toimmunities and privileges (Brown, 2012).

Atthe time of creation of the 14thamendment, the civil war had just come to an end. Abraham, then thepresident, declared the slaves to freed at the end of the war. Thelaw declared that the slaves were no longer the people’s propertyand thus, their freedom was very fundamental. Themajority of the southern states rejected the amendment thought. Inaddition to granting equality for all people irrespective of theircolor, the amendment forbid the state in denying people the right offair chance with the issues of property, life and the due processirrespective of how they look. The amendment was important in that,it ensured that the civil rights act was passed (Brown,2012).

Theamendment stands as one of the building blocks of democracy in UnitedStates. It continues to uphold the fundamental freedom and thepromise of the nation that everyone irrespective of race or tribe,orientation, nationality or gender is equal. Both the Northerners andsoutherners were affected by the amendment. The amendment hasafforded the basic rights of women and the family relations. Therights fall under privacy rights when it comes to family protectionsince it is the core concept of the American tradition.

Theamendment is fundamental in that it takes care of the civil rights.All people should be treated equally. Segregation is not permittedunder the amendment. It states that the person cannot be deprived oflife, property or liberty without any legal proceedings, notice andthe opportunity to be heard thereof. The fundamentals of freedomstate that the amendment gives the freedom of press, speech,involuntary servitude, rights of assembly and equality in the publicplaces. The civil rights act with the state and federal law protectsthe citizens from slavery and discrimination in regard to age,pregnancy, disability and origin. Many states have expanded theircivil rights that prohibit the discrimination that is based on thesexual orientation (Brown, 2012).

The14thamendment protects people in regard to equal protection that mandatesthat the state must treat in the same manners as the people insimilar circumstances or conditions. The entities may not presentdiscrimination in the process of hiring based on where the person hascome from. The employers must not discriminate people in the workplace through unfair practices. The amendment states that all people,paupers, fugitive, vagabonds shall be entitled to all immunities andprivileges of the free citizens in several states. The formers whitenortherners and southerners and women have also been considered inthe amendment in regard to their basic rights (Weiss, 2012).


UnitedStates History: Personal learning

  1. Why are you taking this class?

Itake this class since I enjoy history classes and history fills myneeds for the degree

  1. What skills do you bring to the class that you feel will enable you to succeed?

Iintroduce ideas and participate in discussions to be debated anddiscussed in areas of discussion. In essence, I enjoy writing andresearching as well.

  1. What other history or social sciences courses have you taken?

Inhigh school, I have only taken American history as a social science

  1. What history books have you read?

Thereare very few books that I have read in regard to history

  1. Do you watch the history channels?

Myfavorite channel is history channel. I watch everything from Americanhistory, Asian history and Rome history

  1. What life experiences have you had that prepare you for the class?

Weare part of history since the current experiences are dependent onthe historical decisions of yesterday. History helps us to understandwhere we were, where we are and where we will be in future.

  1. In what ways do you hope to be enriched by the course? In other words, do you have any personal learning goals for this class?

Inthis course I have a strong desire to learn as much feasibly aboutAmerican history in that I will be knowledgeable about the past ofour country, to understand from our mistakes and thus make adifference in the future of the country by not repeating the samemistake. To me, this is imperative.


Failuresand success of Reconstruction North and South

Reconstructionwas a success in that there was restoration of the United States as aunited nation. The former confederates had drafted constitutionsthrough acknowledged the 13th,14th,and 15thamendment and pledges the loyalty to the U.S government. Finally, thereconstruction settled the federalism vs. the state rights debatethat had been an issue since 1790s.

Nevertheless,reconstruction failed widely: The radical republican legislationfailed in protecting the former slaves from persecution and alsofailed to engender the basic changes to the social fabrics of thesouth. With President B Rutherford removing the federal troops in thesouth, the former officials of the confederate and slave ownersreturned to power almost immediately. With conservative Supreme Courtsupport, the new powered white southern politicians through voter’squalification, black codes and other anti-progressive laws inreversing the rights of the blacks which they gained during theradical reconstruction. The Supreme Court in U.S. bolstered theanti-progressive movement with decision in the slaughter house(Barden, 2011).

Thesharecropping system a form of legal slavery that tied the blacks tothe land owned by the white, rich farmers, it became spread in South.The blacks ended up fighting for their civil rights since they hadlittle economic power as the northern whites lost the interest in thereconstruction. The northerners by 1877 were tired of reconstruction,radicals, scandals and the fight for the rights of the blacks.Reconstruction in essence came to a close where many of its goalswere left unaccomplished(Barden, 2011).

AbolitionCelebration in Washington, DC. (19 April 1866)


  1. Which individual items within the image are drawn to your attention?

Theitem that catches the attention of the eye in the picture are thebuilding on the background and trees. This present the focus of thepainting, where there is large number of people depicts celebration.

  1. What is your overall impression of this image?

Thecenterpiece of the celebrations of abolition, since mass gatheringwas not allowed back then, the impression here is that the celebrantswere not just celebrating their legal emancipation but also practicalemancipation.

  1. What is this image attempting to convey to the viewer?

Theimage tries to convey the plight of black and slavery where itsabolition was a thing to celebrate. The African American had beensegregated from time immemorial and forced to work. Thus, this imagepresents the victory celebration of abolition of slavery.

  1. What does this image tell you about this period in American History?

Theimage tells me that, this was a period of civil war and the peoplewere rather happy after the abolition that’s why they gathered inlarge numbers. Slavery was rampant where non Americans weresegregated. Emancipated blacks were made to trek to maxima equalitywithout any assistance.

  1. List the characters, objects, and / or action.

Thisis a celebration where the center piece are people celebrating. Thereare African American in celebrations where the objects includes thebuildings on the background and trees. Action includes both men andwomen celebrating in unison.


Theengraving depicts the celebration of African American at the fourthanniversary of emancipation. At the background, there are buildingand trees where at the center point, there are people in jubilation.Theimage tries to convey the plight of black and slavery where itsabolition was a thing to celebrate. The image tells me that, this wasa period of civil war and the people were rather happy after theabolition that’s why they gathered in large numbers.


Brown,L. W. (2012). The 14th Amendment Citizenship Clause: The BirthrightQuestion. Journalof International Management Studies,7(1),106.

Weiss,A. (2012). History of Gender Discrimination and the 14th Amendment.

Girard,P. (2011). The Cambridge History of Law in America vol 1, EarlyAmerica (1580-1815) vol 2, The Long Nineteenth Century(1789-1920)(review). Universityof Toronto Law Journal,61(3),524-530.

Barden,C. (2011). Slavery,Civil War, and Reconstruction, Grades 6 – 12.Carson-Dellosa Publishing.