Female Sexuality and Cancer

Female Sexuality and Cancer


FemaleSexuality and Cancer

Sexualityis an important aspect in human existence. It is through sexualitythat we define our gender, behavior and thoughts, among others. Onmost cases, our sexuality is influenced by various components andsituations that face human beings. Health problems, for instance,affect our sexuality negatively. Health problems have diverse effectson the body organs that influence sexuality on human beings. Ideally,health problems affect the normal functioning of the body. Anymedical treatment may lead to interference on one or more bodyorgans. In this essay, I will examine sexuality on female patientswith exenteration. The choice of the topic is driven by the need tounderstand the impacts of clinical treatment on sexuality especiallyon women who have undergone clinical operations. Journal articleswere used to give a deeper analysis on the matter. The selection ofthe articles was done by searching key words namely female sexuality,exenteration and cancer patients. The journals were identified fromleading sites such as the Journalof Clinical Nursing,AmericanJournal of Nursing andGynecology.The information generated will be instrumental towards understandingthe plight of female patients who have undergone surgical operations.It will also be informative in addressing the need to offer socialand psychological support to women on sexuality. Further, theinformation will help a learner in preparation for future engagementsin the nursing practice. The target journal is the Journalof Clinical Nursing.The journal has international reach with peer-reviewed informationthat is informative to the reader. The well-researched informationallows the exchange of knowledge within the clinical practice.

ThesisStatement:Nursing care after exenteration comprising the social andpsychological support is vital for cancer survivors to help themregain their sexuality.


Journalof Clinical Nursingoffers relevant and up-to-date research and information of thenursing practice. As such, it helps to promote quality and standardscholarship that is instrumental in enhancing the realizationpositive nursing outcomes and health industry in general. It hasgreat significance on the nursing interventions that are essential inservice delivery. The journal makes clinical information available toscholars, policy makers, and medical practitioners, among others.Nursing care is highlighted as an important area that requiresappropriate dissemination of the available clinical knowledge.Nursing care for patients with exenteration is covered appropriatelywith recommendations on interventions given to the caregivers.

Humansexuality is described as the capability of individuals to havecertain experiences that are influenced by their sexualcharacteristics. It can be expressed in various formations such asattitudes, behaviors and thoughts, among others (Bellamy, Gott &ampHinchliff, 2013). The forms highlighted above are likely to benoticeable in one’s social, physical and spiritual facets.Patients with exenteration are those that have undergone surgicaloperations particularly in cases of cancer. Many research studieshave shown great relationship between sexuality and cancer.Ordinarily, cancer appears to lower the sexual functioning on femalepatients. This is contributed by their focus on healing from cancerhence minimal interest in their sexual function. Thejournal, AManifesto On The Preservation Of Sexual Function In Women And GirlsWith Cancer,has important information about the relationship between cancer andfemale sexuality. The significance of the topic’s contribution isevident by the number of reviews that the article has generated fromthe readers. It challenges the medical practitioners to generatebetter strategies that will help women with cancer in preservingtheir sexual function after undergoing diagnosis. Further, leadingscholars around the world publish the article in a leading journalsite hence making it available for critique. The authors have beeninvolved in numerous assignments within government institutions andprivate research institutes. It is for this reason I believe that thearticle has informative and compelling data to inform thepractitioners. On their part, the authors identify the need toutilize appropriate approaches to help female cancer victims regaintheir sexuality. They acknowledge that researchers have come upvarious policy guidelines and measures that can be used by medicalpractitioners to enhance sexuality for females with cancer. Theauthors agree that future studies and interventions should focus onidentification of specific measures to address the psychosocialsupport on the female patients.

Afterundergoing a clinical treatment, the quality of sexual activity inwomen is affected. Women experiencing gynecological cancer arelargely affected hence their sexuality is minimized. In their study,Grimm,et al. (2015) notes that majoirty of women remain dormant in sexualactivity. This is an indication that women experience functionalchallenges that take time to heal. Some take longer time due toinappropriate or insuffficient intervention measures from the caregivers. In other cases, female victims appear disinterested in theirsexual functioning while others lack the internal motivation.Patients who have undergone pelvicexenteration are exposed to high risks especially on theirreproductive organs. The health risks associated with cancer makewomen to refrain from active sexual activities. As such, suchpatients have lower interest on sexual activities (Djaladat,et al, 2012).

Accordingto Lindau, Abramsohn, &amp Matthews (2015), tumors that develop inwomen having cancer affect the sexual organs such as ovaries andbreasts. Cancer that affect the sexual organs is more prevalent inwomen compared to male. Majority of the females are sexually activebefore undergoing the clinical treatment for cancer. Cancer treatmentfor sexual organs leads to damage or removal of the organs henceaffect the sexual activity on an individual. Further, this causesdisruption on the normal sexual cycles such as menopause and hormonalbalance. It is thus aparent that the treatment has short-term andlong-term effects that hamper the normal sexual function. The effectsrange from social, physical and psychological functiong of the body. Sleep disruption, depression and pain are some of the direct effectsthat hinder the normal sexual functioning of the body. Unfortunately,most of the patients do not receive sufficient counselling and socialsupport. As such, they are unable to regain their sexual functionafter undergoing the treatment (Lindau, Abramsohn, &amp Matthews,2015). Thearticles reviewed have show great relationship between femalesexuality and cancer. It is thus appropriate for the researchers andpractitioners to work towards identifying the intervention measuresthat will improve the sexuality outcomes on the female patients withcancer.


Afterlooking at the situation affecting female patients with cancer, it isnecessary to examine thoroughly the best approach to reduce thestressors. Primarily, the medical practitioners need to formulatepolicies that will improve their sexual functioning. Thefindings from the study shows that there is compelling evidence tosupport the claim that psychosocial support is imperative to enablefemales patients recovering from cancer improve their sexuality.Psychoanalysisperspective observes that traits emanate because of the efforts todiagnose conflicts between aggressive desires and socialexpectations. Besideshealing from their cancerous conditions, it is important that theyare supported to lead a normal life. We cannot wish away our personaldesires, behaviors and thoughts just because of our healthconditions. It is prudent to examine the appropriate strategies toensure we regain our body’s normal functioning.


Bellamy,G., Gott, M. &amp Hinchliff, S. (2013). Women`s understandings ofsexual problems: findings from an in-depth interview study. Journalof Clinical Nursing, 22,&nbsp3240–3248.doi:&nbsp10.1111/jocn.12081

Djaladat,H., Bruins, H. M., Miranda, G., Cai, J., Skinner, E. C., &ampDaneshmand, S. (2012). Reproductive Organ Involvement in FemalePatients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy for Urothelial Bladder Cancer.TheJournal of Urology,188(6), 2134–2138.

Grimm,D., Hasenburg, A., Eulenburg, C., Steinsiek, L., Mayer, S., Eltrop,S., et al. (2015). Sexual Activity and Function in Patients WithGynecological Malignancies After Completed Treatment. InternationalJournal of Gynecological Cancer,25(6), 1134–1141.

Lindau,S. T., Abramsohn, E. M., &amp Matthews, A. C. (2015). A manifesto onthe preservation of sexual function in women and girls with cancer.AmericanJournal of Obsterics $ Gynecology,23(2), 166–174.