Energy Basics and Wind Energy

Energy Basics and Wind Energy

EnergyBasics and Wind Energy

EnergyBasics and Wind Energy

Today,the population is steadily increasing in every part of the world,which calls for greater food production and more energy. However, themethods used to produce the required energy affect the environment onboth regional and global levels presenting significant ecologicalchallenges. In Canada, an average diet requires an energy equivalentto 2,000 liters of diesel per year, which sums up to about 20 percentof the total global energy requirements (Koper, 2014). Thesefood-related activities comprise of 30 percent of the totalgreenhouse gas emissions. Hence, Nova Scotia has implementedrenewable wind energy program to generate electricity because itreduces the cost of fuel in the region and has no adverse effects onthe environment (Koper, 2014).

NovaScotia has operated non-renewable sources for nearly a century now.However, a shift towards renewable energy has been favored in recentyears. Besides, the government policies also reflect the wish forcleaner, renewable electricity, which has triggered the need to buildrenewable energy project to meet the target 40 percent by 2020(Koper, 2014). In 2010, the Nova Scotia’s government introducedFeed-in-Tariff program. A wind turbine owner receives 49.9 cents perkilowatt-hourthat they generate and put back on the national grid as long as theymeet the program’s requirement (Shea&amp Howard, 2012).Thus, manywind farms across Nova Scotia belong to the independent producers ofenergy with a contract to sell it to Nova Scotia power. Today, thewind energy contributes approximately ten percent of the electricityused in Nova Scotia (Koper, 2014).

Windpower has a critical role that will keep the energy demands andprices at a stable level. The non-renewable are always depleting dueto the gradually increasing needs for energy to serve the increasedpopulation levels. On the other hand, renewable energy from the windturbines never ends despite excessive use by consumers (Busby, 2012).Therefore, it is capable of serving the ever-increasing energy needs.Besides,it shields the consumers from the rising prices and market volatilitythat accompany the non-renewable energy sources. Accordingly,the project ensures that despite a rise in electricity demand, theprices remain at a reasonable level for Nova Scotia’s consumers(Shea&amp Howard, 2012).

Additionally,wind turbines have almost the least impact on the environment andhuman health as compared to other energy sources. NovaScotia highly depends on fossil fuels to produce electricity. Overhalf of the electricity used in the region is generated from coal andpetroleum coke. These energy sources have caused considerabledetrimental effects on the environment such as climatechange, global warming, sea level rise, ozone depletion, adverseeffects on biodiversity.Besides, the pollution poses a danger to human health. In contrast,the wind energy is more sustainable and does not have any greenhouseemission(Busby, 2012).Therefore,Nova Scotia’s need for more power does not have to result inenvironmental pollution and health problems.

However,despite the clear advantages of using wind energy, the idea hasreceived fierce opposition and intense controversy in Nova Scotiaduring the last ten years due to health concerns (Bickle,2012). Initially,there were reports that the people living near the wind turbines werefalling ill. They reported symptoms of headaches, dizziness, andsleep disturbance. These reports caused people to call forreconsiderations on the project to eliminate the health issuesarising in the neighboring areas (Bickle,2012).Nevertheless, there is no logical evidence to prove a direct linkbetween the health problems and wind turbine. Besides, the soundlevel from the turbines is not loud enough to cause of hearingimpairment or other direct harmful health results (Bickle,2012).

Regardless,these adverse reactions are not universal. Therefore, it is crucialto engage the community from the beginning when planning for windturbines projects. Their involvement will help alleviate the healthconcerns associated with the turbines. Moreover, the concerns aboutequity and fairness may also influence the residents’ attitudestowards wind farms and allegations about effects on health (Bickle,2012).Besides, most opponents claim that the wind projected was forced onthe people. Thus, they did not have a chance to give their decisionand probably make a choice on whether to accept or reject it.Instead, the project continued with its planned constructions evenafter the public demands for reconsideration (Bickle,2012).

Inconclusion, Nova Scotia is embracing the renewable sources of energybecause they are more reliable, cheaper, and environmentallyfriendly. As such, wind turbines have become a primary source ofenergy in the region during the past decade. Despite the contraryarguments against wind turbines, this source of renewable energy ismore beneficial because the prices are stable, which helps inpredicting the electricity costs to the consumers. Furthermore,environmental and energy experts have dismissed the hostilitiestowards the switch to wind energy because it favors the environmentwithout having adverse impacts on people’s health as compared tocoal and gas electricity it displaces. Despite the perceivedconsequences, the project is worth implementing but the governmentshould also incorporate the views from the surrounding communitiesand educate them about the benefits of wind turbines to attract theirsupport and approval. Hence, it should move towards such an energysource in a deliberate, prudent pace to ensure that it works tobenefit all consumers to become a worthwhile investment in NovaScotia’s future.

References

Bickle,L. (2012). Against the Wind. CottageLife Magazine,43-48.

Busby,R. L. (2012). WindPower: The Industry Grows Up.Tulsa, Okla.: Penn Well Corporation.

Koper,A. J. (2014). TheDevelopment of an Effective Wind Energy Regime in Nova Scotia.Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.

Shea,K., &amp Howard, B. C. (2012). BuildYour Own Small Wind Power System.New York: McGraw-Hill.