Does the Military Make the Man, or Does the Man Make the Military?

Does the Military Make the Man, or Does the Man Make the Military?


Doesthe Military Make the Man, or Does the Man Make the Military?

Thearticle, “DoesThe Military Make The Man Or Does The Man Make The Military?”,has been authored by Jackson Joshua, Thoemmes Felix, JonkmannKathrin, Lüdtke Oliver, and Trautwein Ulrich. The article reportsabout a study that was done to investigate the relation amid militarytraining and personality traits the study involved German youth.According to the authors, only few researchers go further to examinelife-course outcomes in order to investigate whether adjustments inpsychosomatic constructs have any association with experience inmilitary. In the research under consideration, the authors hadinterest in investigating how training in military impactspsychosomatic constructs like personality traits. Also, the authorspoint out that, in the study, they investigated selection as well associalization progressions which result in varying life-courseoutcomes (Jackson et al., 2012).

Theresearch conducted involved data collected from two cohorts thefirst cohort consisted of 149 schools while the second was comprisedof 157 schools. Students and schools were selected in a random mannerso as to guarantee that the data represented the entire populace. Theresults of the study suggested that character traits played areasonable but considerable role in the choice of selecting trainingin military rather than service in community as a civilian. Ininvestigating whether training in military had any association withchanges in character traits, the authors indicate that they randifferent models. The results indicated that training in military waslinked to minor degrees of agreeableness compared to service incommunity. The article points out that general results indicated thattraining in military is associated with adjustments in agreeableness(Jackson et al., 2012).

Accordingto the article, the study carried by the authors was the primary oneto investigate the association amid training in military and thepersonality traits development (Jackson et al., 2012). The authorsassert that from the study they carried out personality traits areseen to play a significant role in military training. According tothe authors, personality traits prospectively had an influence tothose that chose to join the military. It was found that as peoplelower in neuroticism, friendliness, as well as sincerity toexperience, they were more probable to serve in military. Besides,military training was linked with adjustments in friendliness. Theadjustments were not temporal because recruits in military progressedto show lower degrees of friendliness compared to people that choseto work in community service even after they joined college as wellas the labor market.

Thearticle further points that both the military recruits as well as theindividuals that opted to serve in community as civilians, changes incharacter traits, led to immense maturity. This was as a result of anincrease in conscientiousness and agreeableness, as well as adecrease in neuroticism. Therefore, the maturation frequentlyattributed to military training may in the real sense be attributedbest to the exact period of young adulthood (Jackson et al., 2012).Nevertheless, the article posit that although military recruits aswell as people serving in community as civilians enlarged inmaturity-associated traits, recruits in military were perceived to beconsiderably lower in friendliness compared to individuals that chosecommunity service as civilians after undergoing training. Accordingto the authors, lower levels of agreeableness can be used inpredicting greater occupational accomplishment, which is a positiveattribute. In addition, the authors posit that lower levels ofagreeableness may be seen as beneficial in military context.According to the article, future research is required to investigatethe mechanisms that are responsible for changes in personality traitsas well as examining why some researches find changes inagreeableness during young adulthood while others do not (Jackson etal., 2012).


Jackson,J., Thoemmes, F., Jonkmann, K., Lüdtke Oliver, and Trautwein Ulrich(2012). Military Training and Personality Trait Development:DoesThe Military Make The Man Or Does The Man Make The Military?PsychologicalScienceDOI: 10.1177/0956797611423545.