Diseases can be treated with stem cell

Diseases can be treated with stem cell

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Diseasescan be treated with stem cell

Diseasescan be treated with stem cell by Firouz Zarin

Stemcells refer to mother cells which have the ability to convert intomore specialized body cells through self reconstruction. There areseveral ways through stem cells can be used in treatment of diseases.They can be used in reconstruction of injured tissues and treatmentof other medical conditions. Although clinical studies on the use ofstem cells are at advanced stages, there are bridges that need to becrossed before clinical application can be achieved. Scientists areinvestigating how undifferentiated stem cells become specializedcells and how it can be used in medical therapies in the treatment of“neural diseases, cardiac and skeletal tissues damage, burns, skindiseases, pancreas restoration, insulin production and restoration ofother injured tissues”. There are several types of stem cells thathave attracted the interest of scientists. Adult stem cells arederived from body tissues of individuals after birth. Cord blood stemcells are obtained from the placenta and the cord after birth. Fetalstem cells are derived from 14-16 days old fetus and have the abilityto differentiate into any tissue in the human body. There are twoways through which stem cell can be transplanted, which includesautologous transplant and allogenic transplant. Although research isunderway on the clinical application of stem cell, there are somediseases that have been treated using stem cell therapy. Cord bloodstem cells have been used in the treatment of stem cell disorders,placket hereditary defect and congenital immune system disorders.Other diseases that have also been treated successfully using stemcell therapy include life threatening diseases such as “alzheimer’s,diabetes, Parkinson’s, spinal cord injuries, heart and brainapoplexy, liver diseases and muscular dystrophy”. However, thefull potential of stem cell has been exploited.

Reference

Zarin,F. (2014). “. A review”.Journalof current research in science, 2(6),p 860-864.