Discovering Humanities

Discovering Humanities



Question1: Balance and use of color in Ruben’s “The Three Graces”

TheThree Graces 1639by Peter Paul Rubens

TheThreeGracesis one of the Ruben’s final works and one that has a perfectbalance in the proper use of color. Balance is the apparent visualweights that counterbalance one another. From the above painting,Ruben has perfectly balanced the three images. Ruben has placed thethree images of the nude women in the center of the painting, givingit a visual impression of stability. Looking at the picture, theaudience feels comfortable with the distribution of the three womenand their central position under what seems a big tree. A carefuldistribution of images in an image to balance their weights bringsout the balance in a painting. From the above painting, Ruben seemsan expert in balancing three women and the tree.

Anotherfeature of painting is a proper use of color. The ThreeGracesis a painting that clearly demonstrates Ruben’s expertise in theuse of color to bring out contrast. He has chosen three primarycolors, yellow, red and blue. The three nude women share the samecolor with almost the entire surrounding such as the soil, theflowers, and the tree. Ruben uses a dark color, to create a shade ofthe tree and bring a visual expression of depth in the painting.Color blue is used to show the skies, which seems to be a distanceaway from the nude women. Ruben has properly used bright and coolcolors to bring out contrast and communicate his theme in thispainting.

Question2: Enlightenmentand Industrial Revolution

Accordingto Shuttleworth (2008), the primary goal of the enlightenment andadvancement of science was to bring social changes. Progress inscience and enlightenment provided the first actual challenge todictatorship and theocracythat had subjugated the society during that era. According to Sayre,(2013), such changes in culture and societies help in discoveringhumanities in terms of evolution and development. The progress inscience significantly influenced the lives of the people at thistime. Many people adopted trade and commerce and abandonedAgriculture (Shuttleworth, 2008). For instance, in Europe, after theearlier withdrawal of plague, food shortage and warfare, thesocieties transformed to be rich and abundant in resources. Manypeople changed their social life from toiling and hard work toexperiencing pleasures of life. The age of enlightenment was typifiedby optimism, a sense that people could bring change and correct thesocial, moral and political mistakes of the past.

Accordingto McLamb (2011), the industrial revolution brought so many changesin the world as a whole. The revolution marked a turning point inEarth’s ecology and the way people utilized the resources fordevelopment. The peaceful relationship between people and theenvironment changed and brought about issues such as environmentalpollution and degradation. However, nations’ economies derivedvarious benefits from growth in industries such as increased revenueand creation of employment opportunities. The Industrial Revolutionsignificantly transformed every facet of human life and the way oflife. Industrial revolution enhanced people’s health and lifelongevity. As the revolution became more pronounced, its negativeimpacts became clear. Some of the negative impacts of the industrialrevolution include the unsustainable use of natural resources, ozonelayer depletion and increased levels of diseases because of increasedpollution. Currently, nations are strategizing on how to minimize thenegative impacts of the industrial revolution (McLamb, 2011).


McLambE. (2011). TheEcological Impact of the Industrial Revolution.Retrieved on 23 September, 2015 from:

PeterPaul Rubens Paintings and Biography. TheThree Graces, 1639 by Peter Paul Rubens . Retrievedon 23 September, 2015 from:

Sayre,H. M., (2013). Discoveringthe Humanities(2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Shuttleworth,M. (2008). Scienceand the Enlightenment.Retrieved on 23 September,2015