Disaster Preparedness

Disaster Preparedness

DisasterPreparedness

InstitutionAffiliation:

DisasterPreparedness

Thereare distinct differences between post-disaster and pre-disaster plansthat have been developed by different scholars. According to Smith(2012), it is evident that the pre-disaster plans are developedbefore an emergency takes place while the post-disaster plans aredeveloped after a disaster has occurred and impacted the communityfor the purposes of preparing for the future occurrences.

Generally,the post-disaster plans ideally are built upon the pre-disasterrecovery plans. For a community to develop a post-disaster plan,there is the need to have a pre-disaster recovery plan where it willlay its foundation. On the other hand, the pre-disaster plan does notdepend on the development of a post-disaster plan.

Itis evident that a post-disaster plan may not necessarily result in awritten plan. The community will have to worry about the process ofdeveloping a post-disaster plan unlike in the development of apre-disaster plan (Esnard &amp Sapat, 2014). The pre-disaster planwill thus result in a written plan since the community will have toplan for all the disaster that may befall them.

Apre-recovery plan is generally is led by the emergency management whoare in charge of its development and implementation while, on theother hand, a post-disaster plan may not necessarily be led by anemergency management. According to Sjbparish.com (2015), thepre-disaster plan will, therefore, have the expertise who will be incharge of its development and implementation unlike in thepost-disaster plan.

Apre-disaster management is the best plan to be used by a communitysince it often functions to prepare the community adequately for alltypes of disasters that may befall the community. The pre-disasterplan management will define all the roles and actions that thecommunity should employ for purposes of economic recovery in case ofan emergency disaster. According to Pearce, (2003), it thus preparesthe community in case of any emergency and ways to handle thesituations adequately. Beside the economy, the other sectors of thecommunity that need to be considered during the recovery effortsinclude, the social and political sectors.

References

Esnard,A. M., &amp Sapat, A. (2014). Displacedby disaster: recovery and resilience in a globalizing world.Routledge.

Pearce,L. (2003). Disaster management and community planning, and publicparticipation: how to achieve sustainable hazard mitigation. Naturalhazards,28(2-3),211-228.

Smith,G. (2012). Planningfor post-disaster recovery: A review of the United States disaster assistance framework.Island Press.

Sjbparish.com.(2015). St.John the Baptist Parish – One Parish, One Future: Building BackBetter &amp Stronger!Retrieved 15 September 2015, fromhttp://www.sjbparish.com/recovery-residents-index.php