Diagnosis and Prescription of Cardiovascular Disorders

Diagnosis and Prescription of Cardiovascular Disorders

Diagnosisand Prescription of Cardiovascular Disorders

Diagnosisand Prescription of Cardiovascular Disorders

Cardiovasculardisease (CVD) refers to a class of diseases which is associated withthe heart and blood vessels. CVD includes CAD (Coronary ArteryDiseases), for example myocardial infarction (heart attack) andangina. Based on the scenario provided of the condition of the16-year-old male athlete, and considering he has no personal offamily history of the disease, it became hard to diagnose thedisorder. Of the two types of disorders, the male athlete is likelyto suffer from unstable angina. Huether &amp McCance (2012) observedthat unstable angina is the primary symptom of CAD. The pressurearound the chest area creates unpredictable chest pain with systolicmurmurs increasing at the apex of the patient’s heart.

Fromthe above diagnosis, the 16-year-old patient suffered from unstableangina, which was unpredictable and fatal. Prescription for this kindof CAD would require procedures, which would be required to open uphis blocked or constricted coronary artery to the heart in order toimprove smooth flow of blood to the heart. As noted in the scenario,there were murmurs at the apex of the heart, in which according toRoth (2014), would require a reperfusion therapy. Treatment wouldalso involve the use of medication for prevention and treatment ofthe disorder includes nitrate drugs, for example nitroglycerin totreat this kind of CAD.

Thepatient had no family history that would suggest risk of the diseasehowever, his behavior may have played a role in his death consideringthe patient was an athlete and still young to be at risk in terms ofinactivity, and thus ruling out age and physical activity aspotential risk factors. Unhealthy dietary behavior would have playeda role in his immature death. Culebras (2013) observed that unhealthyeating would have increased fats around heart. This also explains themurmurs heard at the apex of his heart. The patient may have alsoengaged in tobacco use, which according to Antman &amp Sabatine(2013), can damage the blood vessels and the heart.

References

Antman,E. M., &amp Sabatine, M. S. (2013). Cardiovasculartherapeutics: A companion to Braunwald`s heart disease.Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders.

Culebras,A. (2013). Sleep,stroke and cardiovascular disease.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Huether,S. E., &amp McCance, K. L. (2012). Understandingpathophysiology(Laureate custom Ed.) St. Louis MO: Mosby

Roth,R. A. (2014). Nutrition&amp diet therapy.Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cengage Learning.