Decentralized Policing

Decentralized Policing

DecentralizedPolicing

Nameof Institute

DecentralizedPolicing

Theterm police is derived from the Greek word poliswhichrefer to an individual who participates in the affairs of a certaincity or nation. In the United States, the police officials are taskedwith the responsibility of ensuring there is law and order throughoutevery state in the entire country (Sarre,Das, &amp Albrecht, 2004).This is achieved by enforcing traffic laws, dealing with domesticviolence and apprehending law breakers. This paper will discuss whythe American police should be decentralized, the problem of policingin the country, why people want to change the status quo and theexpected benefits of changing the American style of policingconcerning decentralized policing.

Accountabilityis an important aspect of American policing because it renders boththe individual police official and the police department accountableto all their actions and inactions. The primary objective of policingis to minimize the rate of crime, violence and disorder within anygiven region regardless of race, religion, ethnicity and politicalaffiliation (Steverson,2008).Currently, the major problem of policing in the United States ispolice corruption. This problem has caused catastrophic effects tothe entire country because it undermines security, makes a mockery ofthe justice system, slows economic development and alienatedpopulation groups from their governments (Sarre,Das, &amp Albrecht, 2004). Corruption in the administrative law means that equal access isdenied since it undermines the credibility of the legal, politicaland economic systems. The state of corruption in the police force inthe US has crippled transparency of apprehended suspects areprocessed in the legal and justice system. It is due to this reasonthat some people are embarking on changing their status quo so thattheir loved ones and ethnic communities are protected from corruptlaw enforcers. For instance, for the past 8 years, the Latino andBlack communities have been targeted by police officers based onracial profiling rather than facts and prove of their guilt. This hasinfluenced some members of these two communities to seek top policeand administrative jobs. The American police should be keptdecentralized because it allows the local administration the chanceto understand the problems affecting the lives of the local peopleresiding within a particular region and state (Sarre,Das, &amp Albrecht, 2004).

TheUnited States is a large country to be government by only thenational government therefore, the creation of state and federalgovernment was mandatory hence the same applies to policing. TheAmerican police force should be decentralized in order to maintainlaw and order throughout all its 50 states using local resourcesrather than the country’s national resources which can easily beexhausted (Steverson,2008).Even though the decentralization of the police force in the countryhas proved ineffective due to the corruption allegations, shoddypolice practices and poor training, changes in this policing systemis paramount. The formation of a national police unit that overseesall police cases and arrests in all 50 states would help promotepeace, cohesion and transparency within the policing organization ofthe country. This national police unit would be in charge ofsupervising all police cases as well as ensuring all officers areaccountable for their actions, choices and decisions when in thefield. This specific change in the American style of policing inregards to decentralized policing will end racial profiling that hascrippled the legal and judicial system for over nine decades. Thisapproach will legitimize the entire criminal justice system becauseit will no longer be racially motivated incarcerations rather it willbe arrests and convictions made on facts, evidence and crediblestatements from arresting police officers (Steverson,2008).

Inconclusion, the decentralized system of policing in the US hasimproved the chain of command because all police officers in stategovernment serve the national government. However, this system hasnegatively impacted the American society by dividing Americans on thebasis of race, religion and ethnicity.

References

Steverson,L. A. (2008).&nbspPolicingin America: A reference handbook.Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.

Sarre,R., Das, D. K., &amp Albrecht, H.-J. (2004).&nbspPolicingcorruption: International perspectives. Lanham : Lexington Books.