Dawes Act Due date

Dawes Act Due date



TheDawes Act

Thenotion of the Native American population has elicited heated debatesince the founding of the United States. American natives have beencontinually discriminated against in a supremacy battle popularlyknown as “red man vs. the white man”. As settlers establishedsettlements in America, Indians were displaced and demeaned asAmericans by the educated and civilized white man. The 19thcentury politics in America in regards to American natives is clearlydepicted by a period popularly known as the Native Americanassimilation (Johnson, 2012). The intent of this paper is to examinethe Native American assimilation efforts especially the Dawes Act.The paper further analyzes the events surrounding the Native Americanassimilation within the context of the gilded age.

In1887, the American government attempted to Americanize its foreignersby giving them permanent citizenship and land ownership. This attemptwas to be implemented under the Dawes Act of February 8th1887.Those who were willing to abandon their tribal and culturalaffiliations would become permanent American citizens. Dawes Actprovided an avenue for American natives to interact and merge withAmericans through the American citizenship. Upon registering with theDawes poll, the Native Americans were to be allocated land forsettlement. Though the Act was purposely meant to promote equality,humanity and eliminate social upheavals such as racism anddiscrimination, sources contend that the Act benefited the Americansmore than the American natives.

Mostof the agents in Dawes poll were corrupt. As a result, they allocatedthe land which was meant for Americans, natives to their friends andrelatives (Johnson, 2012). Native Americans, therefore, lost theirterritories due to this corruption.

TheDawes Act gave Native Americans the chance to fit in the Americansociety by owning land. Ostensibly, if the act would have succeeded,then American would be the most peaceful continent to live. Fullimplementation of the act would have enhanced peaceful coexistenceamong all races in the American continent.

Theassimilation of Native Americans was a major concern, especiallyduring the gilded age. The gilded age experienced a high influx ofimmigrants from Europe and other continents to American. During thistime, American salaries and wages were much better compared to anyother continent. It is also worth noting that besides rapid economicgrowth during the gilded age, the period was also marked by abjectpoverty, discrimination and inequality. This is due to the fact thatmany immigrants from impoverished continents poured in America.Moreover, the gilded age experienced the 1873 panic which instigatedmajor social, economic and political upheavals. This resulted inwealth concentration on a few people, a factor that elicited racism,inequality and discrimination in Europe. The American natives wererobbed of their rights, political power, leaving them economicallyunstable.

Consequently,the disadvantaged formed labor movements and human rightsorganizations to address the devastated in the society. This promptedthe American government to initiate programs meant to salvage theNative Americans. The assimilation efforts were intended to convincethe civilized communities to embrace the allotment plans. The DawesAct was meant to eliminate tribalism and communal jurisdiction ofland.

Evidently,the Native American tribes were subjected to discrimination, torture,and land dispossession among other social upheavals. The Dawes Actwas thus meant to reorganize the Acts on land so as to accommodateand allot land to the Native Americans.


Johnson,M. P. (2012).Readingthe American past: Selected historical documents(5thed., Vol. 2). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s.

Roark,J. L., Johnson, M. P., Cohen, P. C., Stage, S., &amp Hartmann, S. M.(2013).TheAmerican promise: A concise history(5th ed.). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s.