Construction of Play in a Hospital

Construction of Play in a Hospital

Constructionof Play in a Hospital

Stayingin the hospital can be difficult for children of any age. Theillnesses and the environment of the hospital may stress them anddisrupt their normal growth. While at the hospital, children arelikely to miss their family and friends back at home. This may makethem feel bored or afraid of the unknown. In some cases, children maynot fully understand why they are placed in the hospitals and for howlong. As such, it is essential to create an environment that willmake them comfortable and feel at home. One way of achieving this isby constructing indoor and outdoor play centers where children canplay and forget their miseries that brought them into the hospital.Play is important as it provide opportunities for learning andgrowing normally. Therefore, children’s wards should be constructedin such a way that they provide children with opportunities forcognitive, physical, social and emotional developments. Sicknessshould not be an excuse to prevent children from growing normally.Play should be incorporated in a variety of settings such as acutepediatric wards, emergency departments, burn units, cancer amongothers.

Firstand foremost, it is crucial to establish a warm and friendlyenvironment in the children wards. In this case, colored walls maymake children feel as if they are still at home. The walls shouldhave toys and other children necessities that will make them feelrelaxed. The main target here is to ensure that children do not feelas if they are in hospitals. Normally, hospitals do not look sofriendly therefore, coming up with warm walls and painting will makechildren feel as if they are home away from home. This may help inexpelling all the fears and anxieties associated with hospitals(Clark, 2003).

Thereshould be a big room for children to pray within the ward. This roomwill be availed with a television, which is one of the greatest toysof today’s world. The television should be tuned to play onlychildren related programs such as cartoons. This toy is good for allchildren between the ages of 3 and 9. This will be a great way forchildren to relax and especially those who love cartoons. Watchingtelevision will be a fun way of enjoying time in hospital especiallyfor kids that are not able to move around because of the nature oftheir conditions. Typically, televisions do not only help children torelax, but think critically thereby, cognitive development.

Toyssuch as small cars, aero planes, dolls, and the rest need to beavailed in the play room. It is worth noting that these toys shouldbe washable for hygiene purposes. This means that soft toys are notpreferred in children’s wards. The toys should also be nonbreakable and should not have sharp edges to prevent possibleaccidents while playing. These kinds of toys are relevant forchildren between the ages of 3 to 5 years, who are stillexperimenting some of the things that they see in the real world.Movable toys are good for children because they give them anopportunity to manipulate and make sense in the real world (Hubbuck,2009). This gives children an opportunity to explore and thinkcritically hence, promotes cognitive development. Toys such aspuppets, story books, and crayons whelp greatly in cognitivedevelopment. Despite the fact that these children are sick and not inschool should not deter learning by play. The ward caregivers shouldhelp the children to use some of the learning tools to ensure thatthey are not left behind in learning processes just because they arein the hospitals. However, it is worth noting that sick childrenshould be held with care. Therefore, they should not be given toomuch pressure as they are yet to recover from various illnesses.

Outsidethe children’s ward, a swimming pool for children needs helpchildren forget they are in hospital. One of the greatest benefits ofswimming pool is that it provides physical therapy for children withleg injuries. Such children tend to have limitations in walking,something that can affect their physical growth. Therefore, helpingthese children to swim will be a form of physical therapy crucial inphysical development. Even other children who are mobile can benefitimmensely from a swimming pool. Children enjoy swimming and playingwith water therefore, providing one will help reduce the intenseenvironment of the hospital. This helps in both cognitive andphysical growth because children not only exercise, but also thinkcritically while learning to swim.

Aplayground where children can use to run around should be availed asit is crucial for physical development for all children regardless ofthe conditions they are suffering from. It may act as a physicaltherapy for children who would otherwise be stuck in rooms withlittle or no movement. Sick children also get tired of staying inbeds and want to experience the real world (Slade, 2001). Having aplayground will help these children greatly in physical growth. Inthe playgrounds, balls may be provided which will improve themobility of children. Children may play as a group in an organized ordisorganized way. This will not only improve physical development,but also enhance the social skills necessary for normal development.Interacting with others is significant in a child’s fulldevelopment hence, it should not be underestimated even inhospitals.

Playgrounds do not only enhance social and physical developments, butalso emotional and cognitive developments. When children play witheach other, they learn how to express themselves, and make sense ofthe real world. It also provides them with an opportunity to meetreal life problems and solve them accordingly (Hedegaard &amp Fleer,2013). Whenever they face real life problems, they develop ways ofsolving them through divergent thinking. Much research claims thatthere is a great relationship between play and cognitive development.Therefore, children should be allowed to make sense of the worldthrough outdoor play. It would be disastrous to let the children stayin their sick beds and disrupt their normal growth.

Thehospital should also provide video games for children in the wards.It is undeniable that video games provide a platform for cognitivedevelopment. These games should be age appropriate in order to makemore interactive. Children may play alone with a computer or they mayplay as a group to make it more interesting. Video games are fun andbeneficial to children because they enhance cognitive development.These games create problems that help children to think in order tosolve them. In the process, they learn a lot. The higher the level,the more difficult it becomes thus, children have to keep thinkingand making sense in order to excel from one level to another in thecase of video games.

Forchildren who have serious conditions and are unable to move, toyssuch as big balloons can help relieve them from the tension ofimmobility. The rooms of these children should be filled up with warmtoys that will help their mind to relax. Balloons and similar toyscan be attached to their wheelchairs to create a friendlierenvironment. Other toys that may be great for such children are videogames, televisions among other toys that do not require mobility.Since it is impossible to develop physical growth in this case, thesetoys should aim at improving their cognitive development (Datta,2007).

Mostpeople consider play as a recreational activity however, forchildren with illness, play helps them cope with their conditions. Itacts as a therapy for sick children in various ways. It helpschildren to work their anxieties and fears emanating from medicalexperiences. It is also undeniable that play helps sick children todevelop fully just like other healthy children. Therefore, children’shospitals should be rich of both indoor and outdoor play. The insideof the ward should be rich in toys that children can use and play.The same case applies to outside the ward children should have aplayground rich in learning experiences. This may help them to growphysically, emotionally, socially and emotionally. Amid illnesses,hospitals can create a new home for the sick children, which canhasten their recovery and growth in general.


Clark,C. D. (2003). Insickness and in play: Children coping with chronic illness.New Brunswick, N.J. [u.a.: Rutgers Univ. Press.

Datta,P. (2007). Pediatricnursing.New Dehli: Jaypee Bros.

Hedegaard,M., &amp Fleer, M. (2013). Play,learning, and children`s development: Everyday life in families andtransition to school.

Hubbuck,C. (2009). Playfor sick children: Play specialists in hospitals and beyond.London: Jessica Kingsley.

Slade,P. (2001). Childplay: Its importance for human development.London: J. Kingsley Publishers.