Components of the Criminal Judicial System

Components of the Criminal Judicial System

Componentsof the Criminal Judicial System

Componentsof the Criminal Judicial System

Lawenforcement and its functions

Themain stakeholders in law enforcement component include the policeofficers. Police officers are the first stakeholders of the criminaljudicial system to come into contact with criminal activity. Thefirst function of the law enforcement officers is to take statementsfrom victims and culprits. After taking the statements, the lawenforcement officers precede with the function of gatheringadditional evidence, which helps them to collects substantialevidence that can be presented before the competent court of law(Schubert, 2015). The next function after gathering evidence from thescene of crime is to conduct an investigation, with the objective ofdiscovering the possible factors that could have led to theoccurrence of the crime. Once the law enforcement officers havecollected the evidence and conducted an investigation, they arrestculprits whom their evidence and the results of the investigationlink to the crime (National Center for Victims of Crime, 2012). Thenext function involves taking the arrested person or people to courtfor prosecution. However, the functions of the law enforcementofficers do not end there because they are expected to Marandarights, which inform the arrested people about their rights, such asthe right to remain silent and the right against self incrimination.

Impactof data collection by UCR on the law enforcement component

TheUniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program publishes crimes from differentcities, counties, states, and institutions of higher learning, suchas colleges. Parties that are allowed to report incidents in theprogram do so voluntarily. The manner in which UCR collects dataimpacts the law enforcement component of the judicial system in twomajor ways. First, the data collected indicate trends in differentregions or institutions, which in turn serve as an indication of theperformance of the law enforcement officers in those particularregions. For example, an increase in cases of crime being reported ina given country compared to other counties can be an indication thatthe law enforcement agencies in that county are ineffective. This cantarnish the image of the law enforcement in that particular county.

Secondly,crime reporting and publication by UCR affects the manner in whichsecurity resources are allocated. Regions (such as counties orstates) that report a higher number of crimes are allocated with moreresources to help them bring law and order in the affected regions.This means that data collected by UCR can unveil weaknesses orfactors that prevent the law enforcement officers from executingtheir assigned duties as expected.

Effectof evolution of law on the law enforcement component

Theevolution of law involves the formation of new laws or the adjustmentof the previously formulated laws to seal the existing gaps. Bysealing the existing legal gaps, the process of evolution clarifiesthe mandates of the law enforcement agencies, which in turn makestheir work easier. In addition, the evolution of law creates anopportunity for the legislature to formulate laws that addressemerging crimes and challenges that hinder the process ofadministering justice. This ensures that the law enforcement officersare able to gather all the necessary evidence that can lead to asuccessful conviction of guilty suspects. This is mainly achievedthem new laws are made and the existing ones are adjusted to definenew types of crime. However, the process of evolution of lawregulates the mandate of the law enforcement officers with theobjective of ensuring suspects are protected from an imbalance ofpower between them and the law enforcement officers. Therefore, theprocess of evolution of law enhances efficiency and controls the workof the law enforcement component at the same time.


NationalCenter for Victims of Crime (2012). The criminal justice system.NCVC.Retrieved September 29, 2015, from

Schubert,J. (2015). What is the criminal justice system? Definition,components and problems. Study.Retrieved September 29, 2015, from