Christianity and Islam

Christianity and Islam

Christianityand Islam

Christianityand Islam

Religionis one of the most controversial topic that has been debated withgreat enthusiasm by theologians, sociologists, and even the studentssome argue that the belief in the religion is ‘closed mindedindividuals’. A famous sociologist defended the argument thatreligion is an act of ‘close minded’ thinking by explaining that“if one religion is right it means the entire world of religionsare wrong”, as far as it sounds bizarre, the view of the religionis true notwithstanding the fact that some has to be right and otherswrong. With the rise and fall of the various religions, commonquestions have been asked about the origins, beliefs, theunderstanding of God, rituals, festivals and even how they aresynonymous (Zinner,2011).With regard to these and many more questions, this paper seeks toexplore about the origin of , theirunderstanding of God, and try to answer the question if God reallyexists.

Originof Christianity

Christianitywas founded by Jesus in the 30 AD in Palestine, and its originlanguage was Greek and Aramaic. Its roots can be traced in the lifeand teaching of the Jesus of Nazareth. The word Christian comes fromthe title that was given to Jesus of Nazareth (Christ) which is aGreek word that means “Messiah.” The teaching of Jesus Christspread from the Palestine and increasingly encompassed the people ofthe non-Jewish origin across the world. Presently, the religion hasapproximately two billion followers around the world.

Overthe years, Christianity has been divided into the numerousdenominations. Each of these denominations has distinctive practicesor beliefs, but they are all considered as the branches of the samereligion due to their similarity on certain fundamentals such as theTrinity, the Bible, and the teachings of Nicene Creed. ForChristians, the Bible is regarded as the source of inspiration andguide the way in which they live.

Originof Islam

Islamreligion was founded by Muhammad in 622CE in the place called ArabianPeninsula. Its origin language is known as Arabic. Muhammad created afaith that quickly spread with incredible speed from his native landthroughout the near and the Middle East. Carried on the strong swordsof his followers, and later through the conversions, the Islamreligion rose to become the major rival to the Christianity inMediterranean basin and to the Buddhism and Hinduism in the Southeastand East Asia. Islam can be considered to be far more than asupernatural religion.

Afterthe death of Muhammad, the civil war broke out amongst the triballeaders. After putting out the outbreaks, Islam was then successfulin many military and political conflicts. Through further conquests,the Islamic religion grew across the Middle East, North Africa, andeven extended to Portugal Spain, and the borders of the Indiansub-continent. The doctrines of the Islam religion are the simplestand the most readily understood. They are written in Qur’an (themost sacred scriptures of the Muslim world). The basic ideas areexpressed in the Five Pillars of Islam. Without doubt, the simplicityof the Islamic teachings and their ritual requirements are vitalfactors in the winning of the many converts to Islam.

Christianityand Islam Understanding of God

Christiansand Muslims believe that there is only one God/Allah. But the mannerin which the Muslims and Christians conceptualize God in theircorresponding theologies is quite dissimilar. For instance, theemphasis in the Islamic theology of the God can be summarized by justone word: ‘tawhid’, that means ‘absolute unity.’ The Muslimsbelief that there is no distinction within the Godhead. That God issublimely one. Therefore, the Islamic polemic against Christianityhas centered on doctrine of Trinity. This is the source ofmisunderstanding between the Christians and Muslims. The Muslims havecaricatured the Christians as the tritheists guilty of the‘shirk’-attributing an associate to God. The Muslims belief thatby believing in the Trinity, the Christians believe in the threegods.

TheChristians believe that God created all that is unseen and seen.Additionally, they believe that Jesus is the son of God and thatthere is only one God. They also believe that Jesus was conceived ofthe Holy Spirit (born to the Virgin Mary) and that he suffered andcrucified and then buried and then later resurrected and ascended toheaven to sit next to the right hand of God. Jesus will one dayreturn to the dead and living. The Muslims on the other hand believein one, unique and incomparable God that has a partner or son andthat no one has the right to be worshiped but Him alone. The Muslimsalso believe in the existence of the angels and that they are thehonored creatures and that the angels and prophets of god are to bebelieved. They also believe in the day of resurrection (Zinner,2011).

Generally,the Christians and Muslims views of the God has some similarities.For instance, the Christians believe in one eternal God that createdthe universe while the Muslims also apply the same attributes toAllah. They both view God as powerful, all-present and all-knowing.

DoesGod Exist?

Thisis one of the vital questions a person must consider. I believe thatif there was no existence of God, then there could be no reason to beinterested in God at all. There are three reasons that points out tothe existence of God, they are if God does not exist, then life willbe ultimately meaningless, if God does not exist, then people will beliving with no hope, and lastly, if God does not exist then there isa likelihood of coming to know who God is and His love personally.These arguments makes a tremendous difference whether God exists ornot. Therefore, even if the evidence against or for the existence ofGod are absolutely equal, then I think that believing in Him is thebest thing to do.


Indeed,religion is one of the most complex topic that continues to attractargument from various theologians and sociologists. The origin of can be used to trace the understanding of Godin these two religions. Even though Christians and Muslims havevaried views about God, they also have some similarities. As such,the study of the understanding of God in both contexts play can beused to partly answer the question of whether God exists or not.However, the question with regard to the existence of God draw a lotof mixed reactions from both sides. Personally, I think that God’sexistence should not be questioned owing to my faith as a Christian.


Zinner,S. (2011). Christianityand Islam.The Matheson Trust.