Ben- Cultural Safety and Occupational Deprivation

Ben- Cultural Safety and Occupational Deprivation

Ben-Cultural Safety and Occupational Deprivation

Ben-Cultural Safety and Occupational Deprivation


Thecontextual factors that support or influence the Ben’s occupationalparticipation include institutional environment factors. Punwar andPeloquin (2000) states that institutional environment factor createsopportunities and resources that enable one to attain certainoccupations and restrict other occupations. Ben is educated and holdsa degree in business management. This has enabled him to work inrestaurant, office, and in data management department. On the otherhand, homeless restrains Ben’s occupational participation. Ben hasbeen living in the same shelter for five years despite the governmentissuing him a nine-month stay limit. He is the oldest resident livingin the shelter after he lost his immigration documents. Further,social exclusion factors have restrained his occupationaldeprivation. Ben believes that he is jobless because of his poor timemanagement and socialization.


Kawamodel is good example to understand Ben’s occupational performanceand social participation. The model explains the occupationaltherapy, its purpose, and gives strategies to interpret client’scircumstances (Radomski and Trombly, 2008). The model compares lifeto a river that flows from birth to the end of life. It transmits thecomplexity surrounding occupational deprivation. The model would beused to evaluate Ben’s case because it caters for four basic andinter-related concepts: life circumstances and problems, personalfactors and resources, life flow and health, and environmentalfactors.


Kawamodel can influence intervention priorities and goals because itscross-sectional view points out the importance of setting priorities(Punwar et. al., 2000). The concepts and contextual application ofthe model are natural, flexible, and adaptable.


ConsideringBen’s case, Kawa model is different from other traditionalapproaches because it allows the therapist to gain more insight intotheir client life flow and health, life circumstances and problems,personal assets and liabilities, and environment (Willard and Schell,2014). In addition, therapist can work collaboratively with theclient to identify personal assets and liabilities, as well asfactors that affect life flow.


Punwar,A. J., &amp Peloquin, S. M. (2000). Occupationaltherapy: Principles and practice.Philadelphia [u.a.: Lippincott Williams &amp Wilkins.

Radomski,M. V., &amp Trombly, C. A. (2008). Occupationaltherapy for physical dysfunction.Baltimore, MD [etc.: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams &ampWilkins.

Willard,H. S., &amp Schell, B. A. B. (2014). Willard&amp Spackman`s occupational therapy.Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams &ampWilkins.