Asian History

Asian History




Discussionhow did the Japanese colonial period increase discontent in social,economic and education issues

Changesthat caused increased discontent in economical issues

Japanesecolonial period changed the lives of the Koreans to worse. Thecolonial masters, in this case, the Japanese increaseddissatisfaction for the Korean population through social, economicand education issues. Practically Japan took all major jobs andoccupied every position that would have yielded income for theKorean. As a result, Koreans could not get a single job even forrunning a street car because people of Japanese origin had takenover. Korean, who had travelled to abroad to learn, returned home tolinger around without work, because they couldn’t get work (You &ampKim, 2004). This political and economic pressure led to anarchy andstate of unrest. Education meant nothing for the Korean masses. Youngpeople attended school out of nothing else left to do in the citiesand even in the villages. The Japanese had taken everything from theKorean people.

Changesthat caused increased discontent in educational issues

InAugust 1911, an education ordinance was issued by Japanese colonialgovernment. The ordinance stated that education in Korea was meantbring out useful and obedient subjects who would be loyal to theJapanese emperor. The colonial master adopted a 4-4 system for theboys and a 4-3 system for the girls. The 4-4 system meant fouracademic years in primary school and four or three academic years insecondary school depend on one’s gender. Moreover, the ordinancemade the schools to compulsory study the Japanese language and Koreangeography and history was banned from the approved schools (Caprio,2009). All textbooks previously used by Korean schools wereconfiscated, and only government approved books were allowed. Privateschools were closed, and Japan refused to open more schools.

Changesthat caused increase discontent in social issues

Onsocial issues, a movement for the use of the Japanese language wasstarted, and those who spoke the language were able to secure publiccertification and ration cards. Use of Korean language was totallydiscouraged in 1938 the government went a step further to abolish theteaching of Korean language in schools. Moreover, Korean nationalswho were a mixture of different languages were forced by theircolonial master to attend “Shinto ceremonies”. This createdsocial upheaval especially with the Christian leaders and ministerswho were put in prison for their failure to participate.Social-cultural organizations alongside schools were closed. To makethe matter worse, Japan went ahead to change the Korean primary andsecondary schools names to names that were more identical to thosefound in Japan. Another social issue that caused discontent about theJapanese colonial rule was encouraging immorality. It said during thecolonial period more than 80, 000 divorce cases took place in Korea.Moreover, children as young as 12 years old were being forced intomarriage. Girls aged 15 were being sold into prostitution, and youngmen were being used to grow Opium and in the process becomingaddicts.

Itis without a doubt that the Japanese colonial period increaseddiscontent in social, economic and educational issues among theKorean people. Not only did they make life difficult for the Koreanpeople in terms of economics but also disrupted they way of life andattempted to erase their culture (Maki, 2008). By the time Japan leftKorea in 1945 not only had it had damaged the country’s economy,education and social sectors but also drained its natural resourcesand manpower through its ruthless exploitation.


Caprio,M. (2009). Japaneseassimilation policies in colonial Korea, 1910-1945.Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Maki,J. M. (2008). Japanesemilitarism.Place of publication not identified: Read Books.

You,T.-J., Čʹä, M.-S., &amp Kim, J. (2004). Koreandrama under Japanese occupation: Plays.Paramus (N.J.: Homa &amp Sekey books.

Asian history

Asian history



Japancolony of Korea

Japangained control over Korea in the year 1910. This was after a fiercestruggle and opposition from other countries which had interest incolonizing it. This triggered Japan to go through several maneuversincluding assassination of the Korean royal family members. Theyremained in control until the year 1945 when they were defeatedduring the world war two. Under the Japanese rule various transitionstook place in Korea including massive economic development (Dudden,2005).However, their mode of ruling created enormous discontent to theKoreans as far as economic, social and educational issues areconcerned as the document analyzes.

Asfar as economic discontent is concerned the Japanese introduced somerules that affected the Korean’s economic status adversely. Priorto colonization, most of the Koreans were subsistence farmers of riceas well as other grains. This catered for most of their fundamentalneeds through labor or barter. The entry of Japanese forced numerousKoreans off their lands so that the Japanese would fulfill the gainquotas for their needs. All their buildings were also taken by theJapanese to suit their military as well as government purposes whiletheir businesses got handed over to the Japanese officials. Thiscreated a significant discontent since Koreans no longer had asustainable source of income. Things had changed so fast and hencehunger was inevitable (Caprio, 2009).

Similarly,the Japanese colonial confiscated the Korean land and then forced thedelivery of rice to Japan. This created a significant economicdiscontent in that it impoverished Korea and resulted in foodshortage. Japan also offered numerous job opportunities. Althoughthey were low paying jobs, they attracted many Koreans to Japan(Dudden,2005).All these factors challenged the economic well-being of Korea andhence created a discontent. Social and education are other aspectsthat were affected by the Japanese colonization. Discontentment wasreal due to various rules that Japanese were forcing them to adhereto.

Althoughthe Koreans struggled a lot to maintain their culture, Japanese werestrongly determined to impose their culture. One of the acts thatcaused social and educational discontentment among the Koreans isbanning the teaching of the local language and history of Korea. TheJapanese went ahead and burned numerous Korean historical documents.They also forced the Koreans to adopt the Japanese names and to speakas well as teach in the Japanese language. This was a real challengeto the Koreans who had been socializing pretty well amongstthemselves then forced to leave their native language to adopt aforeign one. This was unwelcomed by many since it did not sound wellfor them. It even triggered enormous criticism and protests from theKoreans (Kimet al., 2013).However, in 1920s they responded to the criticisms and eased some ofthe restrictive policies they had initiated. They allowed publicationof several books as well as magazines in Korean.

Japanalso created discontent in the education issues through theimplementation of various social as well as cultural institutions toadjust fundamentally the Korean identity notion. This was in theattempts of integrating the Korean culture with that of Japan. Intheir attempts of changing the Chinese culture that the Koreans hadinherited so at to emphasize the Japanese ideals, they introduced anextensive revamp of the Korean education system. This was to ensurethat the generation that was growing would be molded and shaped withassistance of the Japanese-style schools. In the schools, classeswere conducted in kokugo,the Japanese national language. This created a significant discontentin the entire education system of Korea (Caprio, 2009).


Topof Form

Caprio,M. (2009).&nbspJapaneseassimilation policies in colonial Korea, 1910-1945.Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Bottomof Form

Dudden,A. (2005).&nbspJapan`scolonization of Korea: Discourse and power.Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press.

Kim,M., Schoenhals, M., &amp Kim, Y.-W. (2013).&nbspMassdictatorship and modernity.Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.