Aquaculture in Scot Novia

Aquaculture in Scot Novia

AQUACULTURE IN SCOT NOVIA 1

Aquaculture plays an important role in Canada’s economy. Theaquaculture production in the country has shown positive growthpattern after hitting a three times growth since 1996. Currently, itaccounts for more than one billion in annual returns, and it engagesmore than 14,500 people (Doelle &amp Lacey, 2014). The country is aworld leader in controlled aquaculture practices. Variousstakeholders work together to protect the waters, the environment,and the naturally occurring species by setting checks that apply toall the participants in the industry (Department for EnvironmentalFood &amp Rural Affairs, 2014).

An unrelenting enforcement of the law, as well as a continuousmonitoring of the compliance, helps the industry in honoring theinternational demands of the local and international market. Aroundthe world, consumers demand sea products that are safe in terms ofhealth as well as having been produced a way that does not put theexistence of naturally occurring species into jeopardy (Kooiman,2013). Getting the views of key players in the industry is importantto understand the issues in aquaculture in Nova Scotia. This paperwill draw its conclusions from reports gathered from the field thatoutlines the issues that arise in the industry as well as therecommendations they give for the sustainability of the industry.

The Scot Novia aquaculture industry operates within a framework ofrules that protect the environment as well as ensuring sustainabilityof the occupation in the society (Doelle &amp Lacey, 2014). A majorissue arising from the producers is the attitude that people haverelating to the outcomes of the occupation. According to the reportsgathered from key players, the provincial government and the generalattitude of the people are that it as detrimental effects on theenvironment (Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 2012). The effects arehowever overstated, and they do not represent the actual magnitude ofharm. It acts as the basis for those opposing the industry to furthertheir mandate while they do not sufficiently lay insight on theresponsibilities of those in the business (Fisheries and OceansCanada, 2012).

According to the producers, most of the criticism came from those whospend summer in Scot Novia but not from those who dwell there. Theyfault the role of the international organizations for spearheadingthe criticism and mainly term the attack as ideologically instigatedand not based on the harm caused to the environment (Doelle &ampLacey, 2014). The community perspective also tends to incline towardsthe generalized views and the role of the government in facilitatingthe environmental degradation. To reverse the attitude, the producersrecommended the overhauling of the regulatory framework to become aneffective and trusted tool in the community (Sanz-Lázaro &ampMarín, 2011). The application of the regulations should work towardssustainability while maximizing the outcomes at the same time(Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 2012). The producers recommend the newapproach to be a platform for the government to establish acollaborative platform for a productive relationship with the localcommunity.

An initiative in the society needs to have an informal permission forit to continue functioning sustainably. The social licensecomplements the formal regulations established by the authorities. Asocial license is also a major issue identified by the producers inScot Novia with a focus on marine-based salmon farming (Doelle &ampLacey, 2014). The society feels that this kind of farming pollutesthe actual environment it e use unsustainable practices. Withoutacquiring the informal acceptance of the industry in the community,the producers will always operate in an environment with a negativeattitude despite having a regulatory framework. The Scot Noviacommunity has a negative attitude towards fish-fin farming and theydo not approve the activities that surround it. If the operationcontinues in such an environment, there is a possibility of theentire aquaculture losing the support of the locals (Ministry offisheries and aquaculture. (2013).

An effective framework that enforces environmental and sustainabilitylaws can assist in reserving the social license for aquaculture inScott Nova. Tangible enforcement results can confirm the efforts ofthe government towards safeguarding the environment and the localcommunity can chip in o strengthen the laws. An observable complianceto the framework coupled with the producers’ willingness to adhereto the rules will avert the negative attitude and instigate thelocals to support those who apply the best practices.

Another major issue in Scot Novia aquaculture is the discretion ofthe regulations surrounding the industry (Doelle &amp Lacey, 2014).All regulatory frameworks allow for the regulator discretion for themto be in a position to deal with variations in the activities coveredby the framework. The regulator, however, cannot entirely rely ondiscretion since it would appear as if all the decisions reached area collection of the regulators discretion. The regulatory frameworkin Scot Novia that operates under the Fisheries and Coastal ResourcesAct heavily depends on the regulator`s discretion (Ministry ofFisheries and Aquaculture, 2013). Producers in the industry term theframework as exacerbated for its discretion approach. The rulesprovided by the framework should be clear to the user, and theyshould be included in the license and lease given by those in theindustry. There should be no vacuum in decision making that makes thepredictability of the resolutions difficult. Such voids, as found inthe current framework, leave critical decisions to the discretion ofthe regulator.

The regulator cannot make informed decisions if he does not have thecapacity to oversee the compliance id is jurisdiction. The producersperceive the regulatory body in Scot Novia as unable to carry out itsfunctions effectively since they lack sufficient infrastructure (Hatt&amp Charles, 2014). Currently, the DFA operates one boat, andmultiple attentions attract the services of commercial operators andthis puts a question on its autonomy in the delivery of services(Doelle &amp Lacey, 2014). The regulators cannot implement aconstant supervisory role, and it is a probable reason for someproducers using the advantage to act against the laws. The flawedcapacity may also be a primary cause of the community developing anegative attitude towards industry.

Players in the industry also feel that aquaculture in on the verge ofcolliding with other public uses of water if the regulator does notimplement a shared platform for private property and the he produces.They point out the waters under the control of private owners asareas of conflict since they do not have access to the waters, andthey restrict operation on these grounds despite the waters beingtermed as public property.

On the other hand, they perceive the tourism operators as anotherthreat to the industry. The two groups depend on the public resourceto further their interests, and each sees the other as a competitoralthough not for the same market (Doelle &amp Lacey, 2014). Thetourism operators conduct their activities on the pristine coastalwaters and having aquaculture on in the inshore interrupts theirbusiness since tourists will avoid these areas. Aquaculture tends toprivatize unconsciously these areas in which producers occupy thestakeholders have not identified any compatible activities (Nguyen &ampWilliams, 2014). The underlying principle is that the waters belongto the people of Scot Novia, and they should not be used for privatepurposes (Chopin, 2015). Therefore, the activities carried out inthese waters must reflect the interests of the majority of thepopulation.

The producers also fault the licensing procedures by terming them asfavoring large-scale producers and sometimes ignoring those in smallscale production (Nguyen &amp Williams, 2014). According to them,licensing should be objective on the producers’ compliance with thelaws. They propose a set of written reasons for the denial of thepermission to operate instead of leaving them to the discretion ofthe regulator. They also perceive the licensing to generalize as itdoes not take into consideration the differences in the production ofshellfish and finfish. They propose the differentiation of the risksassociated with each form of aquaculture to the environment and applyunique rules for each.

In conclusion, Scot Novia is still a world leader in aquaculturedespite having various challenges emanating from the conflict ofinterest. The producers have a significant level of dissatisfactionwith the regulator`s incapacity to enforce the laws uniformly leadingto a negative attitude in the community. They also fault thelicensing system as favoring large-scale producers and being ageneralized without considering the unique activities of shell andfinfish aquaculture. An effective regulatory framework should improveon these shortcomings to retain the glory of Scot Nova aquaculture.

References

Chopin, T. (2015).Marine Aquaculture in Canada: Well-Established Monocultures ofFinfish and Shellfish and an Emerging Integrated Multi-TrophicAquaculture (IMTA) Approach Including Seaweeds, Other Invertebrates,and Microbial Communities. Fisheries, 40(1), 28-31.

Department forEnvironmental Food &amp Rural Affairs. (2014). United KingdomMultiannual National Plan for the Development of SustainableAquaculture.https://consult.defra.gov.uk/fisheries/european-maritime-and-fisheries-fund-in-theuk/supporting_documents/Multiannual%20National%20Plan%20for%20the%20Development%20of%20Sustainable%20Aquaculture.pdf

Doelle, M. &ampLacey, W. (2014). A New Regulatory Framework For Low-impact forLow/High Value Aquaculture in Nova Scotia. Scot Novia:Independent Aquaculture Regulatory Review for Nova Scotia.

Fisheries andOceans Canada. (2012). Aquaculture in Canada 2012: A Report onAquaculture Sustainability. Fisheries and Oceans Canada.Retrieved fromhttp://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/lib-bib/asri-irda/asri-irda-2012-eng.htm

Fisheries and OceansCanada. (2012). Canada`s Sustainable Aquaculture Program. Fisheriesand Oceans Canada. Retrieved fromhttp://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/programs-programmes/sustainable-durable/index-eng.htm

Hatt, J. &ampCharles, A. (2014). “Assessing Success in Aquaculture from theFarmer Perspective: The Case of Nova Scotia”. Environmental StudiesProgram, Saint Mary’s University (Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H3C3Canada). Retrieved from http://husky1.smu.ca/~charles/

Kooiman, J. (2013).Governability of fisheries and aquaculture: Theory andapplications (Vol. 7). R. Chuenpagdee, &amp S. Jentoft (Eds.).New York N.Y.:Springer.

Ministryof fisheries and aquaculture. (2013). Aquaculture Strategy: CreatingSustainable Wealth in Rural and Coastal Nova Scotia. AquacultureStrategy. Retrievedfrom https://www.novascotia.ca/fish/NS-Aquaculture-Policy.pdfNguyen,T., &amp Williams, T. (2014). Aquaculturein Canada.Canada: Library of Parliament.

Sanz-Lázaro, C., &ampMarín, A. (2011). Diversity patterns of benthic macrofauna caused bymarine fish farming. Diversity, 3(2), 176-199.