Approaches in Occupational Health

Approaches in Occupational Health


When dealing with children who have emotional difficulties emanatingfrom the effects of their parents’ deployment into the war field,it is imperative to use a wide range of occupation therapy proceduresto achieve the best results. I agree with Yenniffer, who outlinesthat the application of a couple of methods by OTs helps to monitorchanges in children behavior. It allows for triangulation since onemethod can be weak in one child who might show interest I anotherprocedure. I also agree with that the four approaches proposed by theoccupational therapists for the emotionally disturbed children areindeed occupational (Schell et al., 2013).

However, I disagree with her choice of the best method for children’stherapy. She proposes the expressive arts as the best way to helpchildren divert their thinking and improve their social skills. Therationale for not considering it as the most impactive is that it isa remedy mechanism. The emotional disturbance has already taken rootand the child needs correctional measures. The research quoted byYenniffer is quite consistent with this method since it gives goodresults on children’s performance and socialization.

However, a preventive measure could be more productive both in theshort and long run in the life of children. Before deployment,parents should prepare their children psychologically and this wouldhelp them accept the fact that their parent(s) is not around. Swenson&amp Spirito (2011) conducted research on the Operation Purple Campwhere children with deployed parents congregate several times in ayear. according to the research, children whose parents broke the iceon their deployment prior to leaving home showed less levels ofemotional distress and conservativeness that those who had notreceived the news in advance (Swenson &amp Spirito, 2011).Therefore, preventing the emotional disturbance in children would cutthe chase for all the other counter measures. The few who would stillnot be coping with life would receive brief therapies since the levelof emotional challenge would be low.


Schell, B. A.,Gillen, G., Scaffa, M., &amp Cohn, E. S. (2013). Willard andSpackman`s occupational therapy. Lippincott Williams &ampWilkins.

Swenson, R. &ampSpirito, A. (2011). Special Section: U.S. Military Operations:Effects on Military Members` Partners and Children. Journal ofFamily Psychology, 25(4), 497-507.