An Analysis of Psychology of Aging

An Analysis of Psychology of Aging

AnAnalysis of Psychology of Aging

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AnAnalysis of Psychology of Aging

Ourabilities to tackle challenges posed to us can be used to determineour intelligence. This ability differs from individual to another,and its measure is referred to us Intelligence Quotient. This paperpresents the two types of intelligence, their characteristics as wellas a comparison between them.

Typesof Intelligence

Fluidintelligence involves thinking to find solutions to pressing issues.Psychologists refer to this kind as a system for informationprocessing. It is the thinking capability and innate in anyindividual irrespective of their levels of learning or age. This typealso determines the memory of an individual. It works on theprinciple of logic.

Crystallizedintelligence comes from experiences and learning of an individual. Itdifferentiates comprehension and understanding of texts between twopeople. It works on the principle of factual considerations andexperience. (Hamilton, 2006). The two types of intelligence aredifferent in that fluid intelligence decreases with aging whilecrystallized intelligence increases at old age. Comparing the twoshows that they are dependent on each other and both increases duringchildhood and adolescence.

SeattleLongitudinal Study of Adult Intelligence

Thesignificance of the Seattle Longitudinal Study of Adult Intelligencewas to track down changes associated with old age. (Orrell, 2009). Itwas also targeted at depicting the pattern expected as one approachesold age. The study found out that there is no definite patternfollowed by aging adults of different intellectual capabilities. Thestudy also concludes that inherently acquired abilities tend to fadeaway faster than those acquired through learning and lifeexperiences. This study helps us understand and pardon elders fromproblem-solving activities that require logical thinking but ratherbay for their advice that is full of wisdom and experiences.

Impactof Speed

Whenpeople become old, their speed of doing various things changes. Thisis because of co-ordination in the central nervous system. (Madey,2000). With such changes, the cognitive ability of the mind issubstantially reduced making it hard for older people to think fasteras compared to younger people. Their reception is slowed down andhence their slow thinking.

Impactof Mental stimulation

Mentalstimulation refers to activities aimed at keeping the minds active toenhance memory retention and cognitive functioning in older people.Such activities help in maintaining the intelligence quotient of theelderly. (Hamilton, 2006). This keeps the minds active as opposed toremaining dormant and inactive.

Impactof illness

Illnesscan impair intelligence on either partial or permanent basis. Mostsenior citizens experience frequent mishaps in their health forcingthem to seek medication. Such instances lower their cognitiveabilities thus reducing their intelligence quotient. Stressful livingalso culminates to the high loss of Intelligence quotient.

Sternberg’sTests of Practical Intelligence

Inhis view, intelligence revolves around analysis, practice, andcreativity. This is because most tests done targets our ability toanalysis problems and solve them while adapting to differentenvironments

Denney’sunexercisedand exercised abilities

Hesees fluid intelligence as the unexercised ability and crystallizedintelligence as the exercised. Thus, older people should perform wellin practice.

Neo-PiagetianPerspective on Adult Intelligence

Thistheory proposes that as elderly sets in, various changes happen. Ithelps us understand why senior citizens fail in some activities.

Inconclusion, the paper has explored different dimensions of agingpsychology. It has also discussed the two types of intelligence,their similarities, and differences as well as other terms thatrelate to old age.

References

Hamilton,I. (2006).&nbspThepsychology of aging an introduction&nbsp(4thEd.). London: Jessica Kingsley.

Madey,S. (2000). Thesocial psychology of aging.Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Orrell,M. (2009). Psychologyof Aging.Farnham: Ashgate.