Advent of political Islam since 1970 in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Algeria

Advent of political Islam since 1970 in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Algeria

ADVENT OF POLITICAL ISLAM IN 1970S 6

Adventof political Islam since 1970 in Egypt, Saudi Arabia andAlgeriaAuthorInstitution

Adventof Political Islam in 1970

PoliticalIslam presents the influences of Islamic values which contribute tothe political leadership at various levels. From 1970s, the influencederived from the Islam values has seen diverse transition. The holywar, Jihad and the high values among the extremists has contributedto diverse forms of turmoil from terrorists as manifested in theIslamic states. Since the Islamic values fails to recognizedemocracy, an array of political revolution has presented a period ofearly century in the Islamic nations (Tibi, 2014).

PoliticalIslam in Egypt

TheIslamic activism has a lengthy history in Egypt. There have beenseveral Islamic groups that were started after the end of World War.The Muslim brotherhood has been so common since 1970. The Muslimbrotherhood has acquired the reputation of radicalization to useviolence in achieving their religious goals. The group has beenimplicated in diverse assassinations that are inclusive of murder ofa prime minister. In 1970, Sadat amnestied leaders and gave thempermission to resume their activities.

Bythat time, the brotherhood was divided into three factions. A morepolitical faction was committed to political opposition of the state.The second part advocated for the withdrawal from the society andcreation of parallel, separate society based on their Islamic valuesand laws. The moderate dominant group advocated for cooperation ofthe regime. The reemergence of the Muslim brotherhood as a politicalvehicle coincided with proliferation of Islamic groups.Some of the groups espoused a violent overthrow of the governmentwhile some espoused a devout life of rigorous religious observance.In the 1970s and 1980s, the Islamist made some violent acts inclusiveof Sadat assassination in 1981. In 79s, Sadat had tried to diminishassociation influence through law and transferred authority of thestudent unions to administrators and professors.

Inthe 80s, the Islamist entered the faculties of the college.In 1989, Islamist sought to ensure that the Egypt community remainedfaithful in regard to Islamic vision. They rejected the secularistsocial and conventional analyses of the socioeconomic problems inEgypt. For instance, they maintained that the causes of poverty wasspiritual failures populaces secularism, laxness and corruption.This has been the case up to this day since they have created thenetwork of economic and social institution through which members work

PoliticalIslam in Saudi Arabia

SaudiArabia has been facing opposition from the Shi minority which servesto divert the attention from the serious dangers posed by the Sunnimajority members. The Saudi Arabia growth of disconnect has been theresult of the underlying shifts in society. The Saudi population hasbeen growing. From 1970s, Saudi Arabia has experienced violentopposition to the rule of Al-Sa’ud rule which resulted to a terrorattack in 1995 of U.S headquarters. Also there has been bombing ofal-Khobar Towers. The attacks were executed by the young SaudiArabia. The political Salafism and Muslim brotherhood has formed twoprolonged political movement in Saudi Arabia (Vassiliev, 2013).

Thepolitical Salafism and Muslim brotherhood has influenced thedevelopment of the Political Islam in the country. It began as areligious movement that strived to assert the national characterwhich has been separated from the political regime and the officialreligious establishment in a process to witness a profound change inSaudi society. Since the desert storm operations in 1991, there hasbeen Islamic movement that seeks to bring transformation (Alshamsi,2012).

Theemployment from the revivalist acted as a secular state and hasbecome persuasive of the contemporary Arab politics. Islam has thusbecome a two edged political instrument. While the past Saudisovercame the challenges from puritanical militants, the magnitude andvociferousness of the new Islamist movement has been a major concernfor foreign, domestic and monarchy supporters.

PoliticalIslam in Algeria 1970

Therise of the political Islam in Algeria has been rooted in theAlgerian society. The Islamic reform evolved under the Frenchimperial rule shadows. The Islamic opposition under the figures ofSheik Abd-al responded to the intellectual challenge of thecolonialism. Islamists have devoted their efforts of maintaining thelocal identity while preventing their culture from being eclipsed.The tragedy of Algeria is that it was unable to reach a modus Vivendiwith the ruling establishment of the military. It is not entirelysure that the moderate wing would exist as a willing function withina system of the pluralism (Takeyh, 2003).

Thefailure to establish successfully a moderate government encouragesradical forces to bid for power through use of violent revolutionarymeans. Most of the Algerians who were prepared to support the modestIslamist regime promised to engage in economic and political reformsand had no desire for Utopian radicals especially the fact thatcorruption and violence escalated.

Conclusion

PoliticalIslam presents the influences of Islam values which contribute to thepolitical leadership at various levels. From 1970s, the influencederived from the Islam values has seen diverse transition. TheIslamic activism has a lengthy history in Egypt. The Muslimbrotherhood has acquired the reputation of radicalization to useviolence in achieving their religious goals. SaudiArabia faces opposition from the Shi minority which serves to divertthe attention from the serious dangers posed by the Sunni majoritydisconnected members. In conclusion,therise of the political Islam in Algeria has been rooted in theAlgerian society.

References

Takeyh,R. (2003). Islamism in Algeria: A struggle between hope and agony.MiddleEast Policy,10(2),62-75.

Vassiliev,A. (2013). TheHistory of Saudi Arabia.Saqi

Alshamsi,M. J. (2012). Islamand political reform in Saudi Arabia: the quest for political changeand reform(Vol. 4). Routledge

Tibi,B. (2014). PoliticalIslam, World Politics and Europe: From Jihadist to InstitutionalIslamism.Routledge

Tadros,M. (2012). TheMuslim brotherhood in contemporary Egypt: democracy redefined orconfined?.Routledge